Concordance for The obligation of Catholics to promote peace.

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1.   ollege, Rochester, N. Y., for sponsoring the publication of this pamphlet, there
2. cation of this pamphlet, thereby helping to promote that condition and aim of pe
3. g nations, a spiritual atmosphere making possible, indeed easy, the solution of
4. ace Today." The guide of the meet- J ing was the five conditions for peace laid
5. 3. International organization, avoiding past 1 i errors with provision for carr
6. t 1 i errors with provision for carrying out I I treaties and, if necessary, rev
7. I I treaties and, if necessary, revising them. I | 4. Fulfillment of needs and j
8. iscussed at the regular an- nual meeting of the organization. The respective Com
10. . FENWICK, P H . D . , Ex-Officio Acting Executive Secretary REV. R. A. MCGOWAN
11. ation to promote peace among the warring nations of Europe and Asia? Insofar as
12. r task would seem to be that of creating rather than promoting. The primary need
13. e that of creating rather than promoting. The primary need in that situation is
14. imary need in that situation is to bring an end to the wars. Of course, their ce
15. we can with propriety speak of promoting conditions among the belligerents which
16. e. Have we any obligation to do anything toward this end? When we consider the w
17. the United States can do beyond offering fervent and continuous prayers to the D
18. Venerable Brethren, pray without ceasing; pray especially when you offer the Div
19. , heroic sacrifices; pray you, suffering and agonizing members of the Church, wh
20. fices; pray you, suffering and agonizing members of the Church, when Jesus comes
21. y uninterruptedly: "Pray without ceasing" (1 Thessalonians v. 17). Happily, this
22. e Holy Father. An Almighty God can bring about peace even from the present disco
23. peace even from the present discouraging situation. An All-Wise God will restore
24. tation to prayer as a means of obtaining peace is that by itself it is not suffi
25. ontribute serious co-operation according to the measure of his abilities and opp
26. many persons assume that they are doing their full duty for peace when they off
27. t prayers. All the rest they are willing to "leave to God." While this may sound
28. ." While this may sound like an edifying expression of human dependence upon the
29. sincere person is justified in "leaving it all to God" until he has made a reas
30. find out whether there may be something that he can do himself, whether there a
31. rtain powerful personages are inflicting wholesale injustice upon their fellow m
32. , there is no justification for visiting such condemnation upon a whole people.
33. are actively and deliberately supporting the evil and unjust policies of their l
34. ation necessarily involves the suffering of the innocent with the guilty, moral
35. rson unless he realizes that he is doing wrong. Hence the stigma of "Huns" which
36. scriminately to the German people during the World War was cruel, irrational, un
37. peoples and the practice of personifying them through such abstract terms as Eng
38. athies may lie as between the contending national powers, American Catholics oug
39. oward the peoples involved. By following this course, American Catholics will no
40. ues until one or other of the contending parties is decisively defeated, there w
41. e occurrence of any of these devastating consequences is too clearly desirable t
42. a peaceful solution, without endangering the causes and values in which we all b
43. erious consideration without endangering such obviously necessary and just objec
44. and Czechoslovakia and the safeguarding of religion. Whenever approaches are ma
45. discussions, these purposes are becoming endangered, Catholics can withdraw thei
46. he obligation to support every promising effort toward the establishment of a ju
47. ent of a just peace is that of demanding that the Allies make clearer their inte
48. make clearer their intentions concerning the post-war settlement. There must be
49. of peace. In this relation the following sentences from the Encyclical Summi Pon
50. y is hardened; moderation and far-seeing wisdom appear to him weakness; the exci
51. and make them inattentive to the warning voice of humanity and equity, which is
52. sions born in such conditions be nothing else than injustice under the cloak of
53. mediate obligation is to help in keeping our own country out of war. This does n
54. ticipation in any of the wars now raging because such participation would not on
55. not, after a time, become so threatening to civilization and religion as to crea
56. e every legitimate method for preventing our involvement in the conflict. One of
57. of defeatism but betray shallow thinking and lazy evasion of the duty of analysi
58. at in many minds it stands for something mystifying and terrifying. Insofar as p
59. minds it stands for something mystifying and terrifying. Insofar as propaganda i
60. for something mystifying and terrifying. Insofar as propaganda involves direct
61. ood it is neither formidable or enduring. Insofar as it is merely misleading it
62. ring. Insofar as it is merely misleading it can be adequately met by a general a
63. very much smaller now than it was during the World War. Undoubtedly, the propaga
64. anda to which we shall be exposed during this [li] war will be less obvious and
65. evertheless, there should be no relaxing of vigilance in our attitude toward the
66. ell-ordered increase in their well-being, but likewise it injures the relations
67. prosperity. Our immediate and continuing task is to diffuse in all effective way
68. to international affairs. If the meaning and application of these principles wer
69. ent to deter men of bad will from making war if they think it politically expedi
70. he moral law and are capable of applying it internationally. In the report on "I
71. he people require instruction concerning the universality of brotherhood, the po
72. men stand in particular need of becoming familiar with the principles of interna
73. assent today. Whatever be our differing views on this question we can unite in
74. nough to declare that "every human being is my neighbor." The obligations which
75. must be reminded that "every human being" includes Frenchmen, Germans, Italians,
76. ated and reiterated. ·Effective teaching and adequate assimilation depend largel
77. mple process of repetition. A compelling reason for teaching human brotherhood t
78. tition. A compelling reason for teaching human brotherhood today is found in the
79. al. For example: the practice of calling specific attention to the race or natio
80. citizen, or the practice of disclaiming condemnation of all the members of a ce
81. he members of a certain race while using language whose clear tendency and effec
82. fect is to convey precisely that meaning. Any form of words which causes the mem
83. people they belong, and by the redeeming Sacrifice offered by Jesus Christ on th
84. e us close our eyes to the all-embracing nature of Christian charity, which call
85. and of their interests in the pacifying light of love." Modern nationalism is a
86. ith an intolerance of dissent: a feeling of superiority and haughty pride in res
87. irst part of the second form. "A feeling of superiority and haughty pride in res
88. ok upon Europeans as incapable of living together peaceably, as constituting a l
89. ving together peaceably, as constituting a lower or at least an incompetent orde
90. Since the end of the war that was going to end war forever, a dozen or more Sta
91. orned all rational methods of preserving peace. Nevertheless, we must continue t
92. strive for a peace that will be lasting. We must continue to have faith that Ch
93. igations of American Catholics regarding the peace arrangements which should fol
94. n only will they succeed in effectuating and perfecting a stable, fruitful inter
95. y succeed in effectuating and perfecting a stable, fruitful international organi
96. will, an organization which, respecting the rights of God, will be able to assu
97. reformed League of Nations, or something more comprehensive, something like a fe
98. something more comprehensive, something like a federation of States taking in a
99. thing like a federation of States taking in all the countries of the world or at
100. t those of Europe? Instead of attempting to answer these questions, we can appro
101. for the preservation of peace following the World War. All three statements are
102. ional organization which, "by abolishing conscription will reduce armaments; by
103. n will reduce armaments; by establishing international tribunals will eliminate
104. inate or settle disputes; and by placing peace on a solid foundation will guaran
105. ason, not to mention others, for forming this society among the nations is the n
106. he need generally recognized of reducing, if it is not possible to abolish entir
107. s greatly handicapped from the beginning. The League of Nations was dominated by
108. prevent their associates from inflicting injury upon our own country. The tempta
109. hink of American representatives sitting face [19] to face with those of other c
110. the important point except as a warning for the future. What is important is th
111. d organization must be created following the war, must be created in the spirit
112. States can make a very great and lasting contribution to "the reconstruction of
113. --to quote the Holy Father -- by joining a league or society or family of people
114. speak with the accents of Cain scorning to be his brother's keeper or who would
115. e to give practical effect to the saying of Pius XI, "all peoples are one great
116. scuss the distinction between "promoting" peace and "creating" peace in the pres
117. between "promoting" peace and "creating" peace in the present circumstances. 2.
118. nd institutional authorities in securing parish and city-wide public devotions f
119. ANS: NEGATIVE ( p p . 7, 8 ) 1. Avoiding expressions of hatred. 2. What attitude
120. eople? Why not? 4. Discuss the following as consequences of avoiding expressions
121. he following as consequences of avoiding expressions of hatred: a. A good exampl
122. s of: a. Possibilities of war continuing until both parties are exhausted ? b. A
123. ibilities of an early peace representing compromise with evil? [21] 2. Demand th
124. llies make clearer intentions concerning postwar settlement in the light of the
125. f or other countries? 3. Ways of keeping out of war: a. Avoidance of defeatist a
126. Outline. Review of sections on Educating for Peace in "International Ethics" and
127. sent situation. 2. The task of educating in the universality of brotherhood and
128. Discussion of Papal statements regarding world organization, in connection with
129. s." The Pope is here obviously referring to what has been in the past a potent c
130. exposition will be enhanced by treating these two problems separately. I The Ri
131. the fortunes of other peoples struggling to subsist. That high tariff walls freq
132. tute a boomerang for the nation imposing them, that the penalized nations become
133. ations become restless under the growing strain,' and that international hatreds
134. of co-operation among nations in solving common economic difficulties. The spiri
135. cess to them necessary for decent living and security. The principles that gover
136. r State of the opportunity for achieving a decent standard of living. It is then
137. or achieving a decent standard of living. It is then a matter of justice that th
138. hands of other nations. Such a shifting of direct control would undoubtedly pro
139. instances against the peoples inhabiting such regions. There are more effective
140. ere are more effective ways of adjusting world economy. Promotion of the free fl
141. tion of those tariffs presently checking the normal and healthy course of intern
142. hat each nation do its part in promoting the prosperity of all. As the individua
143. of international peace, justice removing the obstacles to tranquillity of order,
144. quillity of order, and charity effecting directly that union of hearts which is
145. c resources and advantages. But assuming that the United States adheres to a pol
146. e promotion of a kind of peace following the present war that will be consonant
147. low of goods, thereby not only enhancing our own prosperity, but also establishi
148. ur own prosperity, but also establishing or improving that of others. The Hull r
149. rity, but also establishing or improving that of others. The Hull reciprocal tra
150. charity is essential in finally solving this problem of the needs of peoples. A
151. divorced from virtue, will fail to bring about a state of world order and perman
152. ns have persecuted the minorities living within their territory. But with the gr
153. n nationalism, the problem of preserving the cultural and religious rights of mi
154. some form of union with the State having their own cultural character. The attem
155. patent injustice involved in attempting to transform the character of minority
156. ated to other countries already enjoying a more or less unified culture. The for
157. s of the Versailles treaty, while mixing the matter, attempted in many ways to s
158. of success. Injustices of long standing were rectified. Poles, Lithuanians, Cze
159. ated revision, with consequent suffering to the unfortunate minority occupying t
160. ng to the unfortunate minority occupying the territory in question. Notorious is
161. rn Tyrol, given to Italy, and containing 250,000 Austrians, who were immediately
162. when political independence would bring about more harm than good to the minori
163. orities, but the cost in human suffering and privation was tremendous. The remed
164. xorcised, the outlook is not encouraging. Switzerland is almost unique as a Stat
165. must be determined, of course, according to the circumstances. But however diffi
166. r immigation barriers for the sheltering of the oppressed, or by a reluctance to
167. co-operate with other nations in solving the basic problem. It could be possible
168. of the minorities' problem by insisting upon a bill of natural rights as applie
169. European struggle, and also by promoting a permanent society of nations, dedicat
170. mportance. [32] Appendix A The following excerpts from the Polish Minorities Tre
171. any Polish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil or political
172. , or at public meetings. Notwithstanding any establishment by the Polish Governm
173. ir language, either orally or in writing, before the courts. ARTICLE 8 Polish na
174. esident adequate facilities for ensuring that in the primary schools the instruc
175. revent the Polish Government from making the teaching of the Polish language obl
176. lish Government from making the teaching of the Polish language obligatory in th
177. proportion of Polish nationals belonging to racial, religious or linguistic mino
178. s that the stipulations in the foregoing Articles, so far as they affect persons
179. so far as they affect persons belonging to racial, religious or linguistic mino
180. of Nations shall have the right to bring to the attention of the Council any inf
181. n as to questions of law or fact arising out of these Articles between the Polis
182. an exploitation by the nation possessing the resources. 5. Does justice demand t
183. ation engender? 4. Discuss the following as means of fulfilling the obligation:
184. uss the following as means of fulfilling the obligation: a. Promotion of a just
185. a just and charitable peace · following the present war. b. Promotion of equita
186. The part played by minorities in causing the World War and the present European
187. m intensified this growth by identifying nationality and State? Effect of spirit
188. 4. Injustice and futility of attempting cultural transformation of long establi
189. minorities. Difference of new migrating minoritis, especially in a new land. Su
190. . 2. Territorial revision as not solving completely the minority problem. Is the
191. lution to the minority problem following the World War. Suggested Paper: Review
192. ample of the effectiveness of separating concepts of State and nationality. 2. H
193. ion and distribution of studies applying Christian teaching to international lif
194. n of studies applying Christian teaching to international life. It was organized
195. organized in a series of meetings during 1926 and 1927 --the first held just fal
196. and 1927 --the first held just fallowing the Eucharistic Congress in Chicago, th
197. leveland that fall to form an organizing committee, and the third in Easter week
198. paration of committee reports. Following careful preparation, these are discusse
199. by the organization. Questions involving moral judgments are submitted to the Co
200. ace has instructed its Committees during the course of the war to concentrate on
201. concentrate on: (1) Means of preventing our entrance into the war, including ex
202. ing our entrance into the war, including examination of the dangers of war trade
203. of prayers for peace. (2) Steps to bring about peace in Europe including conside
204. to bring about peace in Europe including consideration of mediation and proposal
205. d proposals of just terms, and exploring the possibility of an international boy
206. aculty adviser. A national Co-ordinating Committee brings together the regional
207. $2.50 Monthly News Letter (Issued during school months) $1.00 NATIONAL CATHOLIC

Author: Eric Lease Morgan <>
Date created: October 16, 2010
Date updated: August 23, 2016