Concordance for Names that live in Catholic hearts : memoirs of Cardinal Ximenes, Michael Angelo, Samuel de Champlain, Archbishop Plunkett, Charles Carroll, Henri de Larochejacquelein, Simon de Montfort / by Anna T. Sadlier.

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1.   LOUI BENZIQER BROTH PRINTERS TO THE HOLY APOSTOLIC SEE. Copyright, 1882, by BENZ
2. e progress of work, which has been truly a labor of love for my daughter. Some f
3. eople of Michael even so much especially, know more than the Angelo of Francisco
4. es is an heirloom of the Catholic family. Each one held a foremost place among t
5. Great Republic of the new and eminently West, like Charles Carroll of Carrollto
6. roughout the whole career of these truly great men! What a single ness and unity
7. ! La Vendee, were up life s called early to their reward; others when mid-way st
8. with honors. All, however, 4 faithfully INTRODUCTION. accomplished the work app
9. renown. Of these great names that truly live in Catholic Hearts," the youn
10. h moral beauty and poetry in these truly noble lives, each presenting in itself
11. e most complete epic. If we would really combat the " irrfmoral and anti-Ch
12. anti-Christian litera ture so alarmingly prevalent at this day, we must make our
13. n Catholic Hearts" will most likely be followed by one or two more of unifo
14. g public, and bespeaking for it a kindly welcome, I leave it to its own will Com
15. Defender of 251 m^T~ Xi O thou divinely gifted man, Who made through strength t
16. ring into these pages, as in the clearly and concisely as possible, the chief ev
17. e pages, as in the clearly and concisely as possible, the chief events life of S
18. 1437, of a noble but impoverished family, He pursued his studies in the town of
19. of Salamanca, for it was the principally ardent and cherished wish of both his p
20. estic trouble, he obtained from the Holy Father a Bull empowering him to fill th
21. grant him the benefice. Ximenes stoutly maintained the higher authority of Rome
22. promise so happy an end." certainly These six years of imprisonment in the
23. grave background of captivity patiently endured, thrown into strong relief by t
24. on truths. the grass. " I Suddenly, Sanchez awoke, crying out: dreamt only
25. , Sanchez awoke, crying out: dreamt only a moment ago, Father Francis, that ! 4
26. vent of Salzeda, of which he was shortly made guardian. Meanwhile, in the kingdo
27. last Ferdinand and Isabella were firmly seated the glorious upon the throne tit
28. for confessor the admirable and saintly Ferdinand de Talavera, now made Archbis
29. l Mendoza brought him, under some loudly. who was pretence, into the presence of
30. allowed to live at his convent, and only come to court when his presence was abs
31. o court when his presence was absolutely required.* He was spoken * Dr. Hefele o
32. all the monasteries on foot, During only occasionally in case of illness mountin
33. teries on foot, During only occasionally in case of illness mounting upon a mule
34. Most Reverend Father, you will certainly be the cause of our d)ang of hunger! Go
35. s about this time, too, that he ardently desired permission of the queen and his
36. nd his superiors to become an But a holy woman, one of apostle among the Moors.
37. o make, and in which the queen earnestly assisted him. He had, in fact, been cho
38. rtant was it, that this arch second only to the king in bishop was regarded as b
39. ess." " documents respectfully, but " on opening them, and ob To
40. op-elect of To Francisco and immediately left the he turned ledo," deadly p
41. ly left the he turned ledo," deadly pale, room without taking said: "
42. uot; leave of the queen. Isabella merely Allow me to see what his Holiness has w
43. vent in Madrid, to inform him officially of his new on his way to Ocana. In fine
44. o from the burden laid upon him. Earthly honors He was * Dr. Hefele 10, II. s Li
45. hers that the king and queen were deeply moved, and that they as well as all the
46. rds, 1497, of Toledo. He would willingly have entered at night and in silence, b
47. lamation. They behold him, with scarcely repressed enthusiasm, as he treads with
48. n beauty magnificence worthy the earthly dwelling of the King of In the middle o
49. the dead sovereigns gleam with unearthly white of the polished jasper columns re
50. ressible enthusiasm. O God ! how grandly was day! Thy name glorified on that thr
51. ost to insignifi cance even the princely and chivalrous Ferdinand, the fair and
52. glory were op pressive to him. Scarcely is the celebration ended when he escape
53. ciscan friar. He still appeared publicly in the habit of his Order, went everywh
54. his table on state occasions sumptuously, but continued to partake himself of su
55. s latter fact, which he kept strenuously secret, was So appalling accidentally d
56. ly secret, was So appalling accidentally discovered by his servant. the austerit
57. rch and To enume State, which ended only with his death. rate them within our pr
58. shall endeavor to point out faith fully and conscientiously his chief claims to
59. oint out faith fully and conscientiously his chief claims to the reverence and g
60. e drew out and looked upon most lovingly. He deemed it a preservation from sin.
61. en his fervor. applied himself seriously to reforms among the Fie held Synods at
62. th particulars which We must necessarily omit many might be of interest to our r
63. reover, urged the queen s desire. calmly replied that, as Chancellor of Spain, h
64. giving to every one a patient and kindly hearing. Little wonder that his name is
65. ay have occasion to mention incidentally. Shortly after his accession he began t
66. ccasion to mention incidentally. Shortly after his accession he began to devote
67. o the chief aim of his existence, namely, the conversion of the Moors. untiringl
68. the conversion of the Moors. untiringly, perseveringly he It is said that labor
69. of the Moors. untiringly, perseveringly he It is said that labored, sparing him
70. ong many he himself made fifty Patiently, means which he employed tion his to at
71. o the flames. Yet it was once their only hope; once yielded them un mixed deligh
72. , is their inexhausti ble store. Bravely they have doctrines of left the broad a
73. under their feet, with Ximenes valiantly leading the van. the subject of these M
74. exposed in this regard. have shamefully maligned him, the while they themselves
75. and glorious quali recent writer* aptly remarks head and heart. A none but a Ca
76. d heart. A none but a Catholic can fully appreciate Ximenes." The very seve
77. ory."* We have touched thus briefly upon an important subject upon which, w
78. nd space at our command, we would gladly dwell, because in 1507 Ximenes was ap T
79. he heretics of those days were in nearly all lished. countries, but especially S
80. ly all lished. countries, but especially Spain, the enemies of the The unconvert
81. ities. In such cases the Pope frequently interfered with the whole weight of his
82. doned many accused persons." Mildly, however, as he may have performed the
83. ed the duties of his office, and grossly as the severity practised by that tribu
84. rdinal, the burden of Spain. honors only weighed him down, only clogged earthly
85. pain. honors only weighed him down, only clogged earthly the ardent spirit that
86. y weighed him down, only clogged earthly the ardent spirit that in the height of
87. led in the rugged places of this earthly life. The news Alone amid thousands, he
88. he far-off city; the distance was hourly lessening, and through the gates of pea
89. numerous founda speak more particularly hereafter. The hearts of the people wer
90. ts had tude, his taken place, especially those connected with the partition of N
91. ard as Spanish This mission was entirely cruelty towards the Moors. There were a
92. hich they knelt be fore and respectfully kissed. Some days later occurred robes,
93. pardon from the queen. But this is only one of many incidents related as to the
94. do good this to five would be infinitely thousand poor people than to "it p
95. to their Majesties. stone from the Holy Sepulchre, which he caused to be divide
96. say Mass during his life, and resolutely kept After his death it was preserved i
97. een she said to him, I hope very shortly to be able to follow you to Toledo.&quo
98. ella s love for learning was indeed only surpassed by that of Ximenes. In the st
99. during the absence of the king in Italy. As a statesman he was far-seeing, saga
100. and, on the other hand, ap peared simply apparelled and attended. During their i
101. the Ximenes presence was now frequently required at Court, where he exercised a
102. He formed the citi toiled unremittingly. powerful militia, zens into a well-tra
103. untry, faith, and God, to combat bravely, reminding them that the contest was, a
104. rue religion and infidelity. Immediately after he retired to the oratory of San
105. spoke of it as the dear Christian truly touching. fection oasis in a desert of
106. h Ximenes labored still more unweariedly. He was shortly called upon to put down
107. d still more unweariedly. He was shortly called upon to put down a conspiracy wh
108. "These revolt." he said calmly, men have only words, not money, to rai
109. olt." he said calmly, men have only words, not money, to raise a And an ane
110. sive struggle the Navarrese were totally defeated, and Gomez, p. 1073. * Peter M
111. are told that the Castilians were fully satisisfied with the measures employed
112. fety of their Beam. We kingdom. Scarcely was the danger passed when intrigues we
113. ough post haste to the regent. carefully, " and said, Tell Hadrian that he
114. st exhorted prudence terminated amicably. the insurgents to return to their alle
115. rrection at Arevalo was likewise quickly put down, Ximenes obstinately refusing
116. se quickly put down, Ximenes obstinately refusing to give up to Queen Germaine t
117. But his expedition, however, completely failed. services to Spain during the pe
118. ny and so varied, that they would easily fill volumes. The reforms that he accom
119. incipal foundations, and more especially those two, so dear to fame, the Complut
120. rds a number of priests were undoubtedly despatched there by his advice and dire
121. on. tile that he was enabled to actively co-operate in the conversion of the abo
122. nd urged them to persevere in their holy undertaking. thither, one of of Scotlan
123. alth to the kingdom. But Ximenes sternly forbade it, exerted all his influence a
124. fused to do. had hitherto so steadfastly Just after a visit which the Cardinal h
125. ot; late, The Cardinal would If I really not, however, believe this, and from am
126. ago, the sand of which has consid erably affected my eyes; yet even this I do no
127. d of whatever was cooked, fell seriously ill. It was very shortly after Ximenes
128. fell seriously ill. It was very shortly after Ximenes elevation to the archiepi
129. we find him beginning to think seriously of founding and endowing out of the rev
130. rty-three years of our Saviour s earthly life, and twelve priests were added in
131. apos These latter, however, were simply charged with tles. the chaplaincy of th
132. of the university by a long red, closely fitting robe, with a scarf of the same
133. nd twelve churches. To Ximenes is mainly due the preservation of the Mozof arabi
134. ning to this rite and had them carefully revised by Mozarabic priests. He likewi
135. gigantic work was ex to to who certainly cannot be suspected of towards the Card
136. red stupendous task they were personally superin tended by Ximenes, who urged th
137. ed by Ximenes, who urged them frequently as fol lows Lose no time, my friends,&q
138. whose services are of greater or worldly honors."* price in my eyes than we
139. na, 43 was still alive, became gradually from Ximenes. Urged by those Flemish fa
140. ived it. The grand upon the verge simply of the grave, old man was already and t
141. on the shores of the dark river; faintly he heard the dipping of the boatman s o
142. ling sight. " domes of the heavenly city grew distinct to his At last the s
143. rvants of the instability of all earthly things, and of the infinite mer He begg
144. er which the Cardinal passed away calmly, with the words, In Te, Domine, speravi
145. is ing-place, where he lay down joyfully, content tears of last rest the kingdom
146. s " "a life." necessarily imperfect glance at this character of u
147. Even his personal appearance is vividly before us. That Our spare figure, stron
148. fore us. That Our spare figure, strongly and powerfully built; the fore head hig
149. ur spare figure, strongly and powerfully built; the fore head high, broad, and d
150. t; the fore head high, broad, and deeply wrinkled; the eyes deepset, clear, and
151. istory of the world, Ximenes is the only Prime Minister who was revered by his c
152. atron of learning, unsurpassed. Not only was he irreproachable in his morals, ki
153. emies." of the "If," Holy See, forgiving and even kind adds he, c
154. ds I feel myself, my labor will be fully repaid," which we may apply with f
155. e fully repaid," which we may apply with full justice to our humble analysi
156. analysis of the character of this truly heroic man. Throughout Spain, he was ev
157. was even in his lifetime popu- 46 larly NAMES THAT LIVE. regarded as a saint; m
158. orms of those troub it was so constantly obviated by his and benevolence, that w
159. is and benevolence, that we can scarcely charity, generosity, make it a subject
160. find his equal ? The fulness of the Holy Spirit descending upon him made him sup
161. ced in him that hunger which ceased only with his death. thirst after justice&qu
162. it stands, in the dark hush and stately gran deur of the proud edifice, an edif
163. the picturesque oddness of the brightly painted houses, the heavy iron balconie
164. e is of rich velvet, adorned with costly jewels, and her crown so resplendent wi
165. eat and good Cardinal, time had scarcely laid its vandal hand. We bid a lingerin
166. il s might, Its depths Children of Italy ! of shadow, and its blaze of light; wh
167. Could call up forms of more than earthly mien, Unrivalled Angela. HEMANS. PAINTE
168. laurels to Eternal Rome. upon all Italy and added new The sound of that magic n
169. olden days when Christ smiled upon Italy, His inheritance, and created for her s
170. ct, and sculptor. the illustrious family of the Counts of Canossa, who had been
171. and sent the infant Angelo to the family villa of Settignano. There he was nurse
172. to which fact the artist often jestingly alluded, as explaining his taste for th
173. ns upon the lone Campagna the melancholy grandeur of the Seven Hills, the ; brig
174. forms of the fish, which he consequently reproduced exactly. Soon after wards he
175. which he consequently reproduced exactly. Soon after wards he borrowed a head, a
176. ception discovered till he himself early age exposed it. His artistic tendencies
177. d unavailing, and his father was finally induced to place him as a pupil in the
178. ugh tion of a master who was notoriously envious of his From pupil s growing rep
179. hole apparatus, sketch and a young terly a tion. artist who was it at work, and
180. NAMES THA T LIVE. and Lorenzo jestingly remarked that the teeth were too Angelo
181. old a faun. of the criticism immediately remedied the defect. Lorenzo was so del
182. mself. The father consented, and shortly after wards we find Lorenzo obtaining a
183. Centaurs. basso-rilicvo a in completely finished, but years afterwards it cause
184. tted not having devoted himself entirely to sculpture. In April, 1492, Angelo lo
185. lined the proffered Aldovrandi jestingly remarked, Then I hospitality. " go
186. f your friends." you Angelo finally consented to remain at the house of his
187. was then a mania. The Cupid was greatly sought and brought a very large price f
188. t an antique, the Cardinal was naturally indignant, and sent to Florence to lear
189. in St. Peter s, and has been extensively copied in marble and his Concerning thi
190. ulptor, and Christofori Solari, commonly called // Gobbo, who chanced to be pres
191. quot; Alzog, versal applause, and justly regarded as the grandest which Angelo h
192. The reigning Pope, Julius, was eminently a lover of learning and the arts, both
193. he arts, both of which he most liberally Hence it is little wonder that he immed
194. r of Julius is one of incomparable ately grandeur. chral deserved the most magni
195. ssi-rilievi in bronze. celebrated tirely carried out. If completed, it would hav
196. of his works. Such distinction naturally excited bitter envy and hatred against
197. derstood that the sculp tor was to apply to the Pope for whatever funds might be
198. elo, who was of quick temper, was deeply hurt, and sent the following message Po
199. l him to return. So he refused decidedly, saying, "That being expelled the
200. ting the disgrace, he had taken the only course left him to pursue consistent wi
201. LIVE. him Instead of your coming sternly, saying coldly, to us, you seem to have
202. ad of your coming sternly, saying coldly, to us, you seem to have expected that
203. you." Angelo answered respectfully that he had been deeply hurt at what he
204. red respectfully that he had been deeply hurt at what he must regard as his unme
205. ing; to which Angelo replied, "Only as threatening the unruly." This w
206. ed, "Only as threatening the unruly." This was placed in the facade of
207. ld, never to revisit, save in melancholy retrospection, the ever fair, ever verd
208. Royal Redeemer. They are brought vividly to life by the artist, seated before us
209. e of Judith, full of austere and stately beauty, at the moment triumph over Holo
210. rs of day he labors; the morning s early sweetness steals upon him at his work,
211. furrowed with tears of Madonna, the holy agony on Calvary hosts, ; peopling all
212. God, the mighty and the strong, the holy and the just, in whose name he felt he
213. however, and an end came to the earthly career of one who had been to the artis
214. s was not A Pope Leo X., who suc readily supplied to Angelo. ceeded to the ponti
215. eeded to the pontificate, was an equally munificent patron of the arts; but he e
216. m of Pope Julius, though, as pre viously arranged, on a smaller and less expensi
217. an Lorenzo did not progress very rapidly. Pope Leo had heard great accounts of t
218. ; he had been informed that it was fully equal to that of Carrara. Angelo was or
219. ne the quarries. He reported unfavorably, and represented the great But the Pope
220. be tried, and hence the work went slowly. A word may not be out of place here re
221. Leo, is who was of the celebrated family of Medici, known as the golden age of a
222. ain feeling of discontent he knew surely that his reign as king of artists was o
223. whose pontificate Angelo was principally engaged in Florence, upon the statues i
224. a mausoleum for that illustrious family. Adrian died after a pontificate of twe
225. bon, so that Angelo remained principally at Florence, excepting a brief interval
226. urch of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva. Italy was now threatened by the all-grasping
227. ed, and Paul III., of the Farnese family, became Pope. He was most anxious to pr
228. . NAMES of THA7^ LIVE, So it was finally completed, and placed in San Pietro in
229. artist devoted himself more particularly of St. Paul to architecture. of the Mad
230. mmand of the Pope, he would have utterly refused However, to the lasting glory o
231. hould receive no renumeration. He simply accepted the office from his desire to
232. It of Christendom. advanced very rapidly under his direction, and was very near
233. eighty years of age. severance, Wearily the hand which was wont to handle the c
234. when he was in dust. still wended Slowly and heavily the step, once firm and buo
235. in dust. still wended Slowly and heavily the step, once firm and buoyant, its wa
236. th, and to nearest of kin." worldly possessions He then spoke as follows to
237. d some moments afterwards passed quietly away. So died Michael Angelo, the mas T
238. at pomp and splendor, such as is usually accorded only to royalty, and a magnifi
239. lendor, such as is usually accorded only to royalty, and a magnificent funeral o
240. onounced by Varchi. His body was finally placed in the Church of Santa Croce, wh
241. Church of Santa Croce, where peacefully it awaits the resurrection. The long an
242. period preceding his though principally occupied with St. Peter s, he was also
243. this steep eminence and leading directly to the church are In the choir of this
244. me, the infidel Gibbon listened dreamily to their chants as he pondered upon the
245. l and variety of the figures more deeply the imagina nor none, perhaps, was endo
246. ver He was never known to have seriously thought of it. an attachment for one of
247. ered into English, they have necessarily lost that smoothness of rhythm and the
248. ge of the world, or was more in timately acquainted with the habits, the ways of
249. morose and In temper he was undoubtedly hasty and iras cynical. cible, and, as
250. old quarrel with Torregiano sufficiently may have been proves, haughty and sarca
251. new well, for he was generous and kindly 78 NAMES THAT LIVE. and liberal even to
252. ef and sorrow. Living he served me truly, and dying he taught me how to die. I n
253. nd constant student; he was particularly fond of the study of the and Scriptures
254. es, enemies in life, died with him; only his virtues, his lov able qualities, re
255. quot; while his great and, perhaps, only rival, the immortal he thanked God Raph
256. ortal he thanked God Raphael, frequently exclaimed that in the time of Michael A
257. e, his tomb. end, he pursued unceasingly his doom of immortality, which would no
258. the heroes to whom we more particularly allude are the missionaries those fearl
259. sider these missionaries, and especially the Jesuits, in their true character as
260. ter as the authors or pio neers of early Canadian civilization; nor shall we tak
261. chives of the past, all of which clearly prove that even the very presence of th
262. upon her changeful waters. to The family seem have risen somewhat in the social
263. AIN. 85 gold of the noontide plentifully besprinkling the azure plain of waters;
264. nce my earliest years, has most strongly attracted me, and impelled me to expose
265. the precise manner in which these early years were passed, but we can readily s
266. ly years were passed, but we can readily suppose him to have followed his father
267. hamplain felt the disappoint ment keenly, and feared that his dream would prove
268. land, in the delights of which he fairly revelled, visiting all those places in
269. le, Wind and weather proved sufficiently though towards the end of the voyage th
270. wars. The Indians listened breathlessly; their perfect gravity undisturbed, and
271. fect gravity undisturbed, and their only sign of interest an occa- SAMUEL DE CHA
272. as Champlain tells us, "could only observe the difficulties to be overcome
273. source ;" great rivers, especially the St. Lawrence. Pending the conclusio
274. ountry of the Etchemins, pass especially Maine, then on to where years later the
275. quot;We passed that winter very joyously," writes he, Ordre de Bon"and
276. intrigues of others had so successfully militated against him, that he was obli
277. es this, the subject of a north-westerly passage had been much discussed ever Co
278. avorable, and could be The origin easily defended. of the name Quebec seems to b
279. d service in certain Hence he was justly held skirmishes with the Indians. With
280. n and a train of gun powder were finally resolved upon; but some of the con spir
281. Auneda tree, which had been successfully used by Cartier in combating maladies p
282. he had tried it, were extinct, probably exter minated by hostile nations. Champ
283. ce of the and as Champlain was naturally anxious to be on whites, friendly terms
284. urally anxious to be on whites, friendly terms with his neighbors, he became inv
285. divided into tribes, called respectively the Bear, the Wolf, and the Tortoise. C
286. ain has been by many historians severely blamed for his contests with the Iroquo
287. e settle ment would have been constantly endangered; whereas the Iroquois were a
288. ere a distant tribe, and one that openly historians If professed scorn and hatre
289. their luck. The Algon quins indignantly refused, and the Iroquois, waiting till
290. the moon, and brought an abundant supply of game. The vengeful Algon quins bided
291. to conciliate them, hoping their deadly foe. to bring about a final reconciliat
292. plain). Their birch barks glided swiftly through the still, blue waters, the pla
293. f the Iroquois. Night came down solemnly upon the ancient forests; the wind murm
294. war-paint of the savage, and came slowly and reluctantly through the overarching
295. savage, and came slowly and reluctantly through the overarching forests down up
296. number, and being tall and symmetrically formed, presented a fine though uncouth
297. couth appearance. As had been previously arranged, Champlain stepped forward wit
298. umber stretched upon the ground. Clearly, they thought, this man must be a mes s
299. ir muskets. The the Iroquois, completely unmanned, fled in confusion, leav ing b
300. the tortures to be inflicted. was simply Calmly the victim listened with the gri
301. tures to be inflicted. was simply Calmly the victim listened with the grim endur
302. his fate, SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN. 97 Vainly did Champlain endeavor to save him from
303. he Algonquins and Montagnais impatiently waiting for the coming of the French ch
304. ween the ear and neck, which fortunately had no serious consequences. After a br
305. , Champlain again visited his na finally victorious, In this tive land, leaving
306. f the king s private secretary, was only twelve years old at the time of her bet
307. ffection to the one true faith. Ardently the childwife longed to accompany her h
308. of May. He proceeded almost immediately to Sault St. Louis, or the Great Falls,
309. d designs; and in fact he was frequently heard to declare that the salvation of
310. tribe. if Champlain asked him he really believed this fable. And " the sav
311. ld him of God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; of the Redemption; of the Blesse
312. heir departed brethren. listened eagerly, and asked how he should pray to age th
313. lain; that, not finding him, they loudly expressed their grief and disap pointme
314. ential nobleman, and one whom he rightly judged would advance as far as pos sibl
315. f finding the long-sought north westerly passage. A man recently returned from C
316. t north westerly passage. A man recently returned from Canada declared that the
317. heir advice them that he had been mainly induced to attempt the far north. passa
318. mposition, that Champlain could scarcely restrain them from putting him to death
319. eded in re-establishing the old friendly terms between them and the whites. Cham
320. Saint Malo, and Rochelle, which greatly contributed to the material prosperity
321. t colony. La Some time after, he finally put into execution another SAMUEL DE CH
322. work which had brought them immediately from the genial climate of France to br
323. them, and caused a chapel to be speedily erected in a quiet and retired spot. Fa
324. gation of His gospel; that he had freely undertaken the enterprise and would do
325. de profession of poverty, and whose only aim was the glory of God and salvation
326. rn him from his purpose. Of this saintly missionary the emi nent American histor
327. was religion and he adds, "The only policy which inspired the French conque
328. the great work in which he was so deeply interested. * Bancroft s U. S., vol. 3,
329. heir work among the tribes, and can only take such occasional glimpses of them a
330. t be given, in order to keep up friendly relations with the Indians, and prepare
331. the country in its vicinity, and finally speaks of his arrival at the village of
332. e village a large wooden cross, recently erected by the missionary. Before proce
333. or civil. oaks, elms, pines, ries Early in September the army set out from Cahi
334. ted from a combat which had been utterly unsuccessful. Council was held, and it
335. n this engagement Champlain was severely wounded; and, moreover, when he mention
336. ec, they, whether from motives or really through necessity, declared would have
337. e. The governor returned to Quebec early in the spring, and thence took passage
338. his return to Quebec he labored steadily to accomplish this result. As the years
339. tlement, and the Catholics being equally anxious to forward it. A special agent
340. dared all its dangers, bride. cheerfully forsaking her native France to share he
341. enial suns, the blossoms fell abundantly in the early spring-time, and the winte
342. he blossoms fell abundantly in the early spring-time, and the winter was neither
343. her brother and husband were frequently away on long expeditions to the distant
344. distant tribes. thousand fears, not only for herself in her lonely situation, bu
345. ears, not only for herself in her lonely situation, but for her loved ones, who
346. displayed, guns fired, the people openly distant forests with their report, whil
347. their arduous labors. The duke ardently embraced the project, being heartily in
348. tly embraced the project, being heartily in terested in the evangelization of th
349. e fact that the workmen were fre quently obliged to lay aside their tools and at
350. roposal, that he Champlain he was justly indignant, declaring to assist them in
351. . desire, and chose Champlain graciously accepted their offer, and three of the
352. in France. then the fort was wretchedly provisioned; food Just 112 NAMES THAT L
353. of his ability, city They appeared newly erected French colony in Canada. Cape T
354. oquois and English, she owed it entirely to the " * Jesuits." will her
355. tenure among these savages, for not only would they kill a white man who offende
356. answered that they would most willingly receive them if the Black-Robes would b
357. ntent with being asked if In these early his nation 114 a NAMES THAT like theirs
358. nts at the stake, writes, "Our only hope is that our unworthiness may not p
359. res of churches." Feast of the Holy Trinity at Gaspe the first that had bee
360. Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." He adds them with instance
361. res," says the writer, "mainly consisted of pieces of broken glass and
362. return to Quebec, which had been lately saved from failing into the hands of th
363. ain. The scarcity of provisions not only continued, but grew daily more alarming
364. sions not only continued, but grew daily more alarming, and a vessel sent out by
365. y to the relief of the col ony unhappily met with the English fleet, and being t
366. ing taken at a disadvantage, was utterly defeated. The Recollet and Jesuit Fathe
367. tances, but, anxious to keep up friendly relations with them, the governor sent
368. favorable, and meantime asking a supply of food. Boulle met M. de Caen s vessel
369. tions. town was ceded to the and shortly after Champlain, and all those in Engli
370. d on the fort." On the ipth of July, 1629, the " by the 24th of July h
371. ly, 1629, the " by the 24th of July he set sail in the vessel commanded Ker
372. the vessel commanded Kertk. Sorrowfully he left the little colony, in which he
373. he fear that the residence of the cially grieved among the savages would have a
374. llowing anecdote, English which probably occurred years later, when the Puritan
375. s of truth. of prayer, which is the only way to heaven. full of joy; I stayed lo
376. stance, which they His craft had readily recognized as that of De Caen. also rec
377. d was evi But the English captain dently seeking to avoid it. signalled it to ap
378. adousac, sailing thenee for Europe early in September. When Kertk s vessel lande
379. iety of Jesus, accompanied him. Joyously he steered his course towards the "
380. afterwards at St. Bonaventure. Precisely two months afterwards, on the 23d of Ma
381. rom treating with those on board, justly repre senting that the French were like
382. epre senting that the French were likely to be the permanent masters of the soil
383. he soil, whereas the English were merely The Indian spokesman declared that bird
384. s of the north, as goods could be easily shipped thither from Quebec. As Champla
385. Quebec. As Champlain labored untiringly for the material more convenient prospe
386. er tells us, the savages had fortunately supplied them with bear s flesh, which
387. he results of the new mission were truly marvellous. The missionaries ex tended
388. are in the least familiar with the early history of the West, know with what pur
389. ssion they founded in a tribe ended only with the extinction of the tribe itself
390. has been with a view to show how greatly Champlain advanced the religious intere
391. ter having given such proofs of a lively faith and ardent charity as to render a
392. the time of famine he had shown a manly endurance and a heroic self-sacrifice r
393. and forever a friend. He was habitually self-controlled, energetic, and decisiv
394. eak on plain and hillside, lighting only into faint reflections of their autumna
395. mson and gold. The snow was lying softly upon the little city he had founded, th
396. would trade with them no more. Solemnly they pointed upwards, saying he had gon
397. acques Cartier, has been more deservedly re vered than that of the Sieur de Cham
398. nization of Canada, he is unquestionably entitled 124 NAMES THAT LIVE. to the de
399. ans. But we have considered him not only as a benefactor of the human race by hi
400. egrity and we leave him. the North manly straightforwardness. And so his Soft be
401. wd are gathering for the sight, The July day dawns innocently clear; There is Wh
402. the sight, The July day dawns innocently clear; There is Where the no hue of blo
403. , so deserving of atten tion, especially from Catholics, nor so full of romantic
404. m afar a country of ruins; and how sadly beautiful is the charm these very ruins
405. r! The gray and crumbling walls, thickly covered with lichen and wild ivy, give
406. to the imagination, which is con stantly at work resting in its throughout this
407. ." 128 those NAMES THAT LIVE. early and mysterious fabrications, the ancien
408. inth of legends and traditions and early We almost seem to see the gorgeously sp
409. rly We almost seem to see the gorgeously speculations. clad priests of the Sun,
410. of the god whom they adored as he slowly emerged from the East, and with lingeri
411. groined arches of the roof have entirely disappeared, so time works its will oth
412. d of their heart s hope, and voluntarily leave their stately abbeys to decay ? o
413. ope, and voluntarily leave their stately abbeys to decay ? or did the faithless
414. the learning from the Irish monks, early famed for their erudition, returned aft
415. holic subjects, and weighed very heavily upon the people of Ireland. The same pe
416. ntry to a godless, Puritan He the goodly land of England. soldiery, the scum of
417. Cavaliers. lords had ruled right royally and places where the old The new propri
418. ietors took their who remained devotedly gently over their Irish vassals, them.
419. took their who remained devotedly gently over their Irish vassals, them. Nor did
420. ary right. in their new domains Scarcely were they established when they set abo
421. in hymns ; no longer startled the stilly whiteness of the dawn; their prayers, r
422. her they were hastening. They constantly preached forgiveness of enemies, the du
423. bles, who had the power, were constantly endeavoring to conceal the monks, secul
424. re markable virtues. When he was finally ordained priest, was impossible for him
425. NKETT. Caritd. 133 love have been deeply imbued with a company founded the knigh
426. bued with a company founded the knightly Loyola, and who have been since their b
427. of the Roman Em perors who, in the early centuries of the Church, rode in their
428. s of his Catholic subjects, particularly in Ireland. Priests were imprisoned, ex
429. in the broad and open light of day. Only six bishops remained of the Irish and o
430. mate exile been for years an from Reilly, Arch of all Ireland, who had his nativ
431. were * Hist, of Remonstrance, or Crolly s Life of Plunkett. 134 NAMES THAT as b
432. the Propaganda, where he would probably have preferred to remain but that he kn
433. knew his country needed her sons sorely; the Master of the vineyard required ma
434. try, which he not, at and unhesitatingly, accepted. It was deemed prudent to hav
435. , or of the Soggarth Aroon, whose kindly smile and encouraging OLIVER PLUNKETT.
436. y be fact that he was obliged to readily accounted for by the enter the country,
437. ling him that "it could dexterously seek out the Primate and his panion, an
438. alous, and in every and who particularly distinguished way himself by his hatred
439. ice of the Church, where they were sadly needed; for death and persecution and t
440. e illustrious Peter Talbot, now publicly celebrated High Mass, at which the Puri
441. s and gentlemen who had fought valiantly for the restoration of the king, and as
442. ioner was Sir Heinige Finch, who, partly influenced by Ormonde and partly by his
443. partly influenced by Ormonde and partly by his own intolerant spirit, returned
444. matter was dis missed, resulting chiefly in the recall of Berkeley, who in his v
445. guinary disposition; but he was entirely controlled by the English Puritans, who
446. tions himself on his trial, was scarcely seven feet high. In his little library
447. sacred writ ings, the works of the early Fathers, and dwelt lovingly upon the hi
448. of the early Fathers, and dwelt lovingly upon the history of his country. Vision
449. Tara," which has not been entirely preserved, but in which we can imagine
450. ery glimpse of light thrown on the dimly lettered pages of the past, all the anc
451. tual. Aided by his one servant, the only retinue that this good man permitted hi
452. the distressed, gave to them cheerfully out of his threescore pounds OLIVER PLU
453. ade long and frequent journeys of yearly income. into various parts of the count
454. s food ing to " Rome in was usually a piece of oaten bread. December, 1673,
455. were without chief pastors, touched only a very small portion of the priesthood.
456. my diocese, of which I The shall shortly give a full account to your Excellency.
457. account to your Excellency. was fatally increased by distillation of my eyes, w
458. ions in the northern districts, scarcely allows me to write or read letters, eve
459. " Prelate also labored successfully to settle certain in the * Koran s Mepi
460. ell aware that the present lull was only the prelude to a more violent storm, an
461. spirit of faith among the energetically people, and incite them to the heroic f
462. jection to the government." quietly, However, his administration was short.
463. or sensible people, but were frequently used by clear sighted men to advance th
464. ; Talbot was in a dying yet he privately declared that way, and the Irish in no
465. rec " and on " Talbot had only lately ventured back from exilehis arre
466. ot; and on " Talbot had only lately ventured back from exilehis arrest was
467. om the government that fairs should only be held in cer; * See Carte, or Cox s R
468. urned upon their ungrateful and cowardly From the bishops and priests, in their
469. heir hearts and practised in their daily lives. lessons of endurance and With tr
470. ves. lessons of endurance and With truly apostolic zeal did the great Archbishop
471. mmon battle-field one leader, not vainly did of the Church, of hell should not p
472. wn-Bellew, near Drogheda, but absolutely re fused to leave his diocese, much les
473. if they would discover persons di rectly or indirectly concerned in the Popish p
474. discover persons di rectly or indirectly concerned in the Popish plots that had
475. swear away the lives of good and saintly men who had at heart the true interests
476. y and the peace of terror. : and notably two or three whom Archbishop Plunkett h
477. ritish realm. nobleman also very frankly admits in one letter that witnesses wer
478. mony in these plots of which they openly profess to know nothing," f and th
479. othing," f and this was undoubtedly the case, the material for their eviden
480. all their respec " though certainly not equal, shares. Witnesses of such a
481. so incredible, or, to speak more plainly, so impossi ble to be true, that it oug
482. " was tried and con it, demned only crime having been, as the that attorney
483. ncil at Dublin, and proved to be totally false and absurd. Yet the good Archbish
484. he loved. jailer, We dressing his gently and can almost hear him ad cheerfully,
485. ly and can almost hear him ad cheerfully, when he brought him the rude prison fa
486. that was working out its own ends. Only one consideration troubled him: he coul
487. nce to prayer he betook himself. Readily may we suppose that often times when th
488. VER PLUNKETT. 147 had been so scornfully rejected by the authorities in Ire land
489. mation to both parties when successively in power. An opportunity for the displa
490. time to appear, but this was abso lutely refused, both then and on the following
491. ld have proved " witnesses had only some of the witnesses who appeared agai
492. re infamous peo adding that if they only allowed him a few days to bring his wit
493. eason, whereas he had been arrested only for prcemunire. The court was crowded,
494. ed. There was s pause: a man prematurely old and worn attended only by his jaile
495. n prematurely old and worn attended only by his jailers. He was simply entered,
496. ended only by his jailers. He was simply entered, attired in his cassock, wearin
497. e pastoral cross con a moment spicuously upon his breast. So unruffled was the m
498. ignificance. Such a scene was frequently witnessed of old in the Roman forum. Th
499. Archbishop again asked for time, if only till the end of the term, saying: "
500. d, in parts beyond the seas, maliciously, devilishly, and traitorously assemble
501. beyond the seas, maliciously, devilishly, and traitorously assemble with divers
502. aliciously, devilishly, and traitorously assemble with divers other traitors unk
503. g, and did for these purposes unlawfully, maliciously, and devilishly collect, p
504. r these purposes unlawfully, maliciously, and devilishly collect, pay, and expen
505. unlawfully, maliciously, and devilishly collect, pay, and expend divers sums of
506. alone against three judges who scarcely allowed him to speak without interrupti
507. f Primate had been you;" him merely as a reward for his offer to raise 60,0
508. LIVE. called, all of them be notoriously infamous and depraved character, and th
509. priests or friars, and actuat ed chiefly by revenge against the Primate, who had
510. ements, their lesson having been readily learned: that he had collected money fo
511. in Ireland (the wit ness being evidently in the confidence of the dignitaries of
512. witnesses who pre ceded him, and finally made an attempt to rush out of court. H
513. o He seems, however, to have had riously bad character. some scruple at last, as
514. or pramunire. The Chief Justice in reply made a rude and most brutal address to
515. thousand deaths than wrong of any fully accuse anybody, or take away one farthi
516. o " My lord, now." He formally declared that he was innocent of all tr
517. ETT. 157 man, who was for living quietly and in due submission government, witho
518. y contradicted one another so evi dently that they would not find the laid the s
519. ow circumstances he lived, though meanly, quietly and contentedly, meddling with
520. stances he lived, though meanly, quietly and contentedly, meddling with nothing
521. , though meanly, quietly and contentedly, meddling with nothing but the concerns
522. ensured for their wickedness; so, partly out of revenge He and partly to keep th
523. so, partly out of revenge He and partly to keep themselves in business, they ch
524. e poor man s hardship that he generously applied to the king " * Chronicle
525. ngs sworn against him could not possibly be true."* And the Chronicle of Si
526. Sir Richard Baker gives the king s reply: Why did you not declare this, then, at
527. ateful in that kingdom which is properly our country. And truly God gave me, tho
528. which is properly our country. And truly God gave me, though unworthy of it, tha
529. old. s crown and a swift and unutterably blissful martyr entrance into that glor
530. efore the of the Crucified wrapt in holy contemplation, sup plicating Jesus, the
531. ept, as prison: He was you know, closely confined, secluded frofn all conversati
532. il his arraignment; therefore I can only inform you of what I learned, as it wer
533. bread; that he appeared always modest ly cheerful, without any anguish or concer
534. to each other. And now it was I clearly per- l6o ceived in of the NAMES THAT hi
535. HAT him the Spirit of LIVE. those lovely fruits God and I, Holy Ghost, charity,
536. IVE. those lovely fruits God and I, Holy Ghost, charity, joy, peace, etc., trans
537. ., transparent in his soul. And not only but many other Catholics and were eye-w
538. s, and countenance something so divinely elevated, such a composed mixture of ch
539. ve, sweetness, and candor, as manifestly denoted the divine goodness had made hi
540. e sweet impulse and dictates of the Holy Ghost, and reading his book, " his
541. y should then him withal. He continually endeavored to im prove and advance hims
542. ons as inspire plained to me as the only thing that troubled him. This love had
543. bed at eleven o clock, and slept quietly and soundly till four in the morning, a
544. n o clock, and slept quietly and soundly till four in the morning, at which time
545. ror of the passage to After he certainly knew God Almighty had chosen him to the
546. and dignity of martyrdom, he continually studied how to divest himself of himsel
547. ints, "since," But his soundly." last Richardson, the tells night
548. 62 " NAMES THAT LIVE. he was newly awake, having slept all night with out
549. awakening for the last time upon Calmly and tranquilly he rose, his face more p
550. the last time upon Calmly and tranquilly he rose, his face more peaceful and ser
551. en, by the This, then, grace of the Holy Ghost, he received the seal of the epis
552. hich he was now about to lay down, nobly, grandly, heroically, upon the scaffold
553. as now about to lay down, nobly, grandly, heroically, upon the scaffold at Tybur
554. to lay down, nobly, grandly, heroically, upon the scaffold at Tyburn. relates t
555. to witness the Blue and cloudless truly apostolic life. was the sky, bright the
556. bbet. It was the morning of the ist July, 1681, a day never to be those forgotte
557. y witnessed the execution of that lonely, defenceless man. Slowly and with undis
558. of that lonely, defenceless man. Slowly and with undisturbed majesty of aspect
559. , and a most just Judge, will infallibly decree an eternal reward for all good w
560. rtain persuasion that no power, not only upon earth, but also in heaven, can dis
561. ecords and witnesses who would evidently convict them and clearly show my innoce
562. would evidently convict them and clearly show my innocence and their wicked ness
563. cence and their wicked ness, voluntarily absented themselves, and came to this p
564. n; a rare fact, of which you will hardly find a precedent these five hundred yea
565. r knew of any conspirators in * Probably Shaftesbury. 1 66 NAMES THAT LIVE. such
566. such, as I said before, as were publicly outlaws, and that to save my life I wou
567. t to save my life I would not To falsely accuse any nor prejudice my own soul. t
568. away any man s life or goods wrongfully, ill be- Ireland but known cometh any C
569. t known cometh any Christian, especially a man of my calling, being a clergyman
570. d had a prejudice for me, and especially my accusers, to whom I did endeavor to
571. e oaths they brought me to this untimely death; which wicked act, being a defect
572. as one of the said deacons, to wit, holy Stephen, did pray for those who stoned
573. d, lay not this sin to them. do heartily forgive them, and also the judges who,
574. d to be tried here, where it was morally impossible for me to have a fair trial.
575. have a fair trial. I do "I finally forgive all who life; to take away my a
576. to take away my and did concur, directly or indirectly, I ask forgiveness of all
577. y and did concur, directly or indirectly, I ask forgiveness of all those OLIVER
578. e Duke of York, and all the royal family health, long life, and all prosperity i
579. city. Now that I have shown sufficiently, as I think, how innocent I am of any p
580. n of His blessed Mother and all the holy angels and saints, to forgive me my sin
581. t whom he had la bored: for them it only remained to hear of his est, so heartfe
582. rough the people who was near and meekly bowing his head, received absolu tion.
583. transfigured him with its light. Surely the golden gates were ajar, and a ray o
584. Loyola, who had laid down as cheerfully and heroically as he. Upon his inscrip
585. d laid down as cheerfully and heroically as he. Upon his inscrip was placed a co
586. artyrdom with constancy, the ist of July, 1681, in the reign of Charles This ins
587. nce of the martyr was almost universally admitted, and he himself held up to pub
588. y longer. "a suffered very decently, expressing himself in ticulars as many
589. ardinal Howard. It was, however, finally given to a convent of Dominican nuns fo
590. which Cather was ine Plunkett, probably a relative of the deceased Prelate, Pri
591. l retains of the nose, which is slightly injured. * of the white hair, as we fin
592. the subject, we are and conscientiously to add our mite labored faithfully in b
593. ously to add our mite labored faithfully in bringing before the Catholic public
594. present day. remains to take a last only have ren general glance at the qualitie
595. aspect of a prema In both are the turely old and sorrow-stricken man. firm mouth
596. and purity. him we observe the untimely furrows, the w orn and sorrowful expres
597. rudence with the most * s Life of Crolly Plunkett. NAMES THAT heroic LIVE. coura
598. ng Patient, full of char extraordinarily humble, he seemed to have ever be fore
599. tleness. In order that for the contumely he had suffered he might have glory, an
600. le grims perceive it afar off and darkly as " we poor pil of some s of his
601. vidence against him, so that he narrowly escaped and fled to Amster dam, where h
602. he greatest misery, and were universally detested, even by those whom they had f
603. ed, even by those whom they had formerly aided by their perjuries, and it is sai
604. , Duffy, OLIVER PLUNKETT. 73 prematurely old, worn, and wasted, came years after
605. e have taken our information principally from the Life of Dr. Plunkett, by Rev.
606. e of Dr. Plunkett, by Rev. George Crolly; from the Ecclesiastical History of fro
607. of the British Government, which finally induced the patriots of the New World t
608. ds of Patrick Henry give in the Assembly me death," of Virginia, give rang
609. and were said to have been accidentally brought to light. The ideas therein con
610. made; the Virginia Assembhr was forcibly closed. Boston, after its celebrated te
611. ist the colonists in their when, bravely fight ing against adverse circumstances
612. Many noblemen and officers were directly or indirectly encouraged to come out to
613. and officers were directly or indirectly encouraged to come out to America and o
614. issimo, expense, became and subsequently a major-general in the Continental army
615. about to become the safe asylum closely of virtue, tolerance, equality and peac
616. her ability. Though this aid was chiefly in money and goods, it was none the les
617. e, and betrayed none the less the kindly spirit which animated the Spanish peopl
618. quot; was his laconic but forcible reply. In com "Try me," " &quo
619. the siege of that city that he mortally wounded.* Last but not least there were
620. t White Plains, Ticonder- We do not only refer to Irish officers oga, or Quebec.
621. d these individual Germans were the only non-Catholic people of Europe who evinc
622. nd, we are told, fleet "practically religious." He left most of his po
623. ot; I perceived the General, immediately between our line and that of the enemy,
624. e cide the fortune of the day. Instantly there was a roar of musketry followed b
625. eyes, I discovered the enemy while dimly amid the glimpses of flying, the smoke
626. continental cause. cennes, and was truly devoted to He it was who blessed the ar
627. er Gibault for the accession principally indebted to of the States comprised in
628. tribes of "J Maine that most nobly Washington appeal for assistance, and r
629. dge Law. 1 84 NAMES THAT LIVE. valiantly was, indeed, that wonderful struggle fo
630. n. These good and simple souls made only one stipulation, that they should have
631. th each detachment. We have thus lightly skimmed over a subject which is of the
632. ortance. So noble and so figure in early colonial history, sustained Now, actors
633. ained Now, actors, and more particularly among those gentlemen of birth, educati
634. pendence, none strikes us more forcibly, nor seems, as it were, to stand out mo
635. ms, as it were, to stand out more boldly from the rest, than Charles Carroll of
636. grandfather was the first of the family to settle in America. He came thither a
637. some Jesuit arrived on fathers, notably Fathers White and Altham, of the Chesap
638. 570. the shores They offered up the Holy Sacrifice, and marched in procession Th
639. devotion. to Christ the Saviour, humbly chanting, and on trophy bended knees, t
640. igious liberty. Catholics had previously existed in most of the other States, bu
641. rbidden them, and they were consequently almost entirely with out churches. This
642. d they were consequently almost entirely with out churches. This state of things
643. quot; is not apparent to us. It was only what was from a colony of devout Cathol
644. eth Brookes, and country. was their only son who was des tined to play so import
645. gh religious persecution to have, namely a chapel. This chapel was to supply, in
646. mely a chapel. This chapel was to supply, in some degree, for the want of a neig
647. ring church, and here the Carroll family on Sundays and holy-days devoutly assem
648. e the Carroll family on Sundays and holy-days devoutly assembled. While Charles
649. family on Sundays and holy-days devoutly assembled. While Charles was still very
650. is probable the boy s heart was scarcely mature enough as yet to feel more than
651. s by England. which we shall momentarily regard in detail, high places, ly color
652. tarily regard in detail, high places, ly colored threads of the old romantic lif
653. ife of the French capital could entirely dispel the growing shadows of age that
654. ble mark its ; the something indefinably chivalrous in bearing, indefina bly cou
655. ably chivalrous in bearing, indefina bly courteous in manner, the scarcely perce
656. na bly courteous in manner, the scarcely perceptible vein of romance, the remnan
657. remnant of the true old French knightly spirit which the preceptors had encoura
658. h Charles Carroll therein passed rapidly away, but not so their ef spent fect. T
659. dent pro discountenanced. " royally college where the young gentlemen of Fr
660. lemen of France were instructed not only in science and but in ceeded to England
661. and but in ceeded to England, specially to continue his law studies It was an T
662. position. The manner of life was totally different, but the young man formed man
663. he boy returned ripe judgment, scholarly intellect revolutionary principles bega
664. ormer was unanswerable. He had precisely the temper of mind to encounter such an
665. er, but the fourth, Eliza, died in early childhood. Some years Mary Darnall, aft
666. e have seen, that Charles Carroll boldly urged upon the naval commander, Stewart
667. er to a friend, Mr. Carroll had broad ly asserted the determination of the peopl
668. ome years afterwards he famous and truly inspiring words : British troops, if se
669. e people of Maryland, somewhere as early as J 773) joined with the other States
670. was heart and soul devoted so carefully fostered in to that faith, which had be
671. land. This laudable ob ject he earnestly pursued for some years, and strained A
672. evo That their efforts were consequently in 1775. State," our hero. 192 NAM
673. limpses of the history of Maryland fully prove. Meantime, strange events were oc
674. deces sor, Benedict, was spent in vainly defending this noble company. During th
675. innumera ble proofs of what is so widely known to Catholics, namely, that the Bu
676. is so widely known to Catholics, namely, that the Bull, as its very wording sug
677. er of expediency, which none more deeply * Abbe Darras, Church History, vol. iv.
678. lf. To be as sured of this, we need only remember that other, though not so wide
679. emember that other, though not so widely known Bull, Ccelestium Munerum ThesauIt
680. of the ros:" abundance of heavenly treasures upon those who ear nestly see
681. enly treasures upon those who ear nestly seek the good of souls, as we reckon am
682. ard, the religious of the most assuredly desire to nourish ciety of Jesus. We So
683. occurrence had a two fold and apparently contradictory effect upon the Catho In
684. e effect was decid lics of America. edly unfavorable; it deprived them of their
685. the second place, it militated favorably upon the infant Church, by bringing out
686. l, about 1774, was an occasion of lively joy to the Carroll family and to the Ca
687. sion of lively joy to the Carroll family and to the Catho lics of Maryland in ge
688. mmissioners, and Father Carroll the only clerical. He had consented to co-operat
689. e not nu merous. its What we principally know of it is, the failure of object. T
690. in the night time. Passengers generally encamp in the woods, making a covering
691. Quebec Act; the Quebec Act being simply legislation to con firm the French Cana
692. ll the clergy made conscience previously enjoyed gime. The terms in which this t
693. ith every cour mission to Canada totally failed. The French Canadian people, ind
694. deed, for the most part, and especial ly in some districts, combatted the Americ
695. injustice, no rapine, no robbery; simply there was to be a just and noble strugg
696. history. It was upon the Fourth of July, that day of which John Adams thus spea
697. which bore upon its sides the strangely appropriate in " Proclaim liberty
698. and such wishing each other joy! Surely they forgot the dark and deadly struggl
699. ! Surely they forgot the dark and deadly struggle that had They knew only that t
700. deadly struggle that had They knew only that they were proclaimed In New York,
701. s cordial and heartfelt. Yet it was only the first scene in a glorious but sangu
702. ct meanwhile to identify himself closely with the movements of the Catholic part
703. shed us with the opportunity, not merely of pre saging the happiness to be expec
704. ct of national pros perity is peculiarly pleasing to us on another account, beca
705. S, DOMINICK LYNCH." " In reply to this address, "To Washington wr
706. tation in my country, I can not but duly notice your politeness in offering an a
707. al approbation than could dis reasonably have been expected; and I find myself i
708. tional prosperity now before us is truly animating, and ought to excite the exer
709. hy members of the com munity are equally entitled to the protection of civil I h
710. than those for which they had so freely shed their be again imperilled. They we
711. province, that all we do most earnestly recommend former differences about reli
712. ment. A memorial was to Con consequently drawn up, signed and presented we find
713. document. sented to Congress principally through the exertions of Washington. Th
714. ightened patriot and statesman was fully aware of the important services rendere
715. fect. His own body-guard was principally composed of Catho lics, and he knew inn
716. tism and devotion. it members personally Washington entertained the highest este
717. of Amendment to the Constitution, namely, that Congress shall make no law respec
718. ee " exercise thereof." Surely an important when seen concession, in t
719. OLLTON. 205 comfort to which those early colonial days were no Speaking of a dat
720. e almost on a par with London, certainly with any other English city, in luxury,
721. he English of the same period, certainly not more than a few months behind the e
722. w the middle size. His face was strongly marked, his eye quick and piercing, his
723. wall, silent for evermore, but forcibly attesting their convictions. as it now
724. s a large, wide front. It is beautifully sit uated in the midst of richly cultiv
725. tifully sit uated in the midst of richly cultivated fields and orchards, it * Ge
726. about three hundred, and is principally for the use of the family and people of
727. is principally for the use of the family and people of the estate, the " st
728. nel Carroll, father of the present Italy by resident and proprietor, Hon. John L
729. lets sacred to the members of the family. A white " marble slab at the very
730. e above the seats occupied by the family, is an exquisite copy of Muriilo s Imma
731. ey are all panelled and hung with family from the very first Carroll down to the
732. boudoir, hall, and staircase are exactly as they were in the signer s time. The
733. g lawns, and flower-beds, but especially beauti fied by fine old trees, which li
734. two ancient weepingwillows particularly attract the eye. They are the more dese
735. ive sweeps round a wide circle, the only ornament of which is four magnificent o
736. er re manor, maining with the old family. In the house are several of the older
737. ve put a check upon a luxury, especially in dress, which under the circumstances
738. nts, spun garment, as by the exquisitely * fine English cloth The account of the
739. nd, now residing with the Carroll family, and the letters which appear on page 2
740. E. of other days, and it is not unlikely that the stiff broid eries, the plush a
741. way to the colonies, may have gradually fallen into discredit and disuse, under
742. * as well as the clothing for the family. In such surround to womanhood the two
743. of their faith. She ruled right royally; and, according to an account given by
744. no other court in Europe "Certainly," could have produced a woman of g
745. fled " Caton, became, respectively, Elizabeth, Lady Stafford, and Louisa,
746. observe that contemporaries unanimously describe them as " women who, amid
747. Household, was "admired excessively by the king, because of her freedom fro
748. ars with the serene majesty that In Holy Saturday" lends to such as he. Car
749. C. on this subject, see Harper s Monthly, Sept., 1880. Judson, in his Biography
750. onesty, frank ness and integrity; richly meriting and largely receiving the este
751. d integrity; richly meriting and largely receiving the esteem and veneration of
752. so glorious day; hither came the courtly, grave gentle Washington, not unwilling
753. ancient drawing-room, and in the courtly parlance, dress and manner of the day,
754. store of anecdotes relating to the early colonial times, and the rough pioneer d
755. oneer days, mem ory must have frequently led him backwards to recollec tions of
756. and. est; for of note, travelling merely for pleasure; College can imagine that
757. terms; the conversations were sprightly and brilliant, yet dignified and statel
758. and brilliant, yet dignified and stately. Charles Carroll upon one occasion rece
759. above all others. It touched him deeply, and appealed to that loyal, generous h
760. ous heart of his, which had been equally true to his country, his re For this mo
761. a devout ruptible patriot, child of Holy Church. He delighted to adorn the attac
762. tached to his dwelling, which was richly and chapel He was present every day at
763. l He was present every day at tastefully ornamented.* the Divine Sacrifice, and
764. nted.* the Divine Sacrifice, and usually served Mass himself until he was over e
765. s over eighty years of age. He jealously guarded this privilege, and would surfe
766. oke of it as most impressive, the family devoutly assembled, and the colored sla
767. as most impressive, the family devoutly assembled, and the colored slaves to fo
768. of Independence. The letter it so fully displays the sentiments of the accompan
769. secret resolu tion of Congress, of July 19, 1776, to be signed by every member
770. y of August of Congress, and accordingly signed on the 2d of the same year. Of t
771. glory, as that after the lapse of nearly half a century, you live to receive thi
772. e had spoken throughout a long and truly eventful career. The following extracts
773. to give a further insight into the truly pious and Christian sentiments which an
774. an said in his heart, He would willingly believe there is There is no God. no Go
775. ubject when the emptiness of all worldly attachments is felt, it 214 NAMES THAT
776. which his ; " The sun of that July day bore with it the souls of Jefferson
777. ber at last. He had some time previously returned 21$ this stately figure, came
778. ime previously returned 21$ this stately figure, came in of the year 1832, to hi
779. e received the Blessed Sacrament, humbly and reverently, as his became the Chris
780. Blessed Sacrament, humbly and reverently, as his became the Christian. Though aw
781. until he had received Lord. Immediately after he was laid upon the bed, and did
782. is soul took its flight it so tranquilly that the attendants scarcely knew had g
783. tranquilly that the attendants scarcely knew had gone. " extract the follo
784. the monarch, the The sceptre not wholly die. No. shall glittering diadem, and t
785. t to the princi of freedom was ples only equalled by his adherence to the altars
786. one round his name while living sweetly tempered the evening of his virtuous li
787. welve millions of freemen, he tranquilly breathes ; his spirit to his God, and c
788. to us exaggerated in its expres it only proves that he had in truth the nation
789. d Catholic gentleman, with the knight ly spirit that even in his day had still a
790. ot; " Of ancient name, and knightly fame, And chivalrous degree" 1 Ami
791. wise be a soldier. Hence Henri was early sent to the military school at Soreze t
792. e he is described as a slight, soldierly, and graceful youth; his frank and gent
793. outh; his frank and gentle face strongly marked by the innate nobility of his so
794. most remarkable dark, and yet intensely bright with that immortal spark which u
795. is bright high destiny of fame and early death. He was then sixteen years of age
796. e: He chased the deer through the gently with him. green forests of his native P
797. leashed their bloodhounds, who, fiercely 220 NAMES THAT LIVE. following the scen
798. t fields, the pleasant homes, and kingly palaces of regal France. The kingdom of
799. es of regal France. The kingdom of Sully, of Richelieu, of Louis XIV., and of He
800. eeblest and most irresolute, strong only in cruelty and bloodshed. Robespierre a
801. d s his I am come into National Assembly. your midst," he to prevent a grea
802. courts, was now pale and wan with deadly sorrow; whose eyes, once sparkling with
803. trod with graceful dignity the princely halls, which were for her so many paces
804. stanch and true indeed, but too fatally near the citadel." In Paris, howev
805. ll hear of me before remark incidentally here that never, perhaps, does the hist
806. astical members of the National Assembly were called upon to take the oath of de
807. lled was M. de Bonnac, Bishop dividually. " of Agen. answered he, the sacri
808. ody of the clergymen on the right loudly applauded his words. The Convention the
809. n then summoned them " collectively as follows: Let those ecclesiastics who
810. ers of right moved. the Convention; only twenty had seceded. Meantime Larochejaq
811. ry movement began to remained tranquilly in of false liberty, and willing in all
812. ght before a large stone cross. Suddenly he cried out Brethren, for the punishme
813. oss is covered with moss." The holy missionary departed; the hymns that had
814. s of the people Years passed on silently and dwelt this prophecy. old men alone
815. alone remembered the preacher s swiftly; words, and in many a fireside chat rel
816. sides of the cross, covering it quietly, noiselessly, and surely, as time cover
817. cross, covering it quietly, noiselessly, and surely, as time covers the surface
818. ring it quietly, noiselessly, and surely, as time covers the surface of the eart
819. g up. In 1793, when the storm had fairly burst over the land, the cross stood th
820. and, the cross stood that the completely covered as suire, for in a garment Undi
821. of their king to take part in the deadly struggle that was raging throughout Fra
822. e a blow in the good cause, if they only had a leader. Larochejaquelein had mean
823. tainers and tenantry of his house. Badly armed, miserably undisciplined, poorly
824. try of his house. Badly armed, miserably undisciplined, poorly provisioned, they
825. y armed, miserably undisciplined, poorly provisioned, they were wanting in every
826. would have confidence in him. I am only a boy, but by my courage I will show my
827. ; for at this time our hero was scarcely twenty years of age. Full of enthusiasm
828. s young kinsman Larochejaquelein. Warmly they congratula ted each other on being
829. ng; but their greetings were necessarily short, and, exchang ing a cordial God-s
830. e slope, but found himself alone. Vainly he implored his soldiers to follow him;
831. as it were rooted to the spot. Suddenly a shout was was seen advancing at full
832. ous movement the whole force immediately rushed down the declivity and carried t
833. e lasting praise of the Vendeans, justly irritated as they were by a long course
834. " it." The republicans bravely held their ground doubtful. and dispute
835. e; and the republi and re cans, entirely defeated, laid down their arms The roya
836. distinguished members. known Especially famous was the Abbe Bernier, better He
837. be Bernier, better He was unquestionably as the Cure of St. Laud s. one of the g
838. in which La Vendee victorious; the Holy Cross of they declared Jesus Christ and
839. ot; 229 desired to keep forever the Holy Cath and Roman faith, and to have a kin
840. ttany and the Bocage. appeal was totally disregarded by the Convention. New gene
841. he Bridge of St. Just, which lay exactly in front of the enemy s camp, the young
842. aped over himself, followed tumultuously by his men, while almost simultaneously
843. by his men, while almost simultaneously the royalists entered the town from the
844. uot; think of our success; it is clearly the young leader, hand of To Larochejaq
845. de Paris, Nor was his execution the only votion to a bad cause. instance of ingr
846. oul; he had hitherto acted independently, but now formed a conjunction with the
847. e field, away his thumb, but obstinately refused and ultimately won the day. A f
848. , but obstinately refused and ultimately won the day. A futile attempt was made
849. desperate engagement took place, shortly under Kleber, and the before, between t
850. en won; became disheartened, and finally fell the soldiers ; leader; back. A Les
851. wing, their vigor ous charge completely broke the ; In vain did Kleber said the
852. sible, and a glorious death was the only object of their hope. Night fell calmly
853. object of their hope. Night fell calmly and solemnly upon the tumult and dis or
854. eir hope. Night fell calmly and solemnly upon the tumult and dis order of the sc
855. o had resolved to die as martyrs. Vainly did their blows fall thick and fast upo
856. ll thick and fast upon the enemy; vainly did they shout defiance into the very ;
857. full of lay stricken unto death. Utterly disheartened, the peasants proceeded in
858. Loire. Their hearts were full of deadly hatred against the foe that had devasta
859. the town Bonchamps was at rest. Shortly before his death he received the Viatic
860. e Loire, which he knew would in evitably prove disastrous to the army in its pre
861. cruelty of their foes, they rushed madly over that fatal river. Lescure, all who
862. t the people whose cause he had so nobly espoused and gallantly supported. Laroc
863. e he had so nobly espoused and gallantly supported. Larochejaquelein, at the sug
864. ience might the fidence. more in readily inspire con declaring that he alone cou
865. endee, and the young soldier reluctantly accepted the arduous post of peril But
866. ment and experi ence he must necessarily have been inferior to many of his senio
867. it is unquestionable that he fre quently exhibited the knowledge and military sk
868. lled upon for his opinion, he invariably Decide; I will execute." His motiv
869. f hussars. By the peasants he was fairly idolized; he was a leader after their o
870. ists charged. The enemy retreated, hotly pursued by Larochejaquelein, who, in hi
871. rm being quite helpless from a partially disabled, wound. Evading the blow, the
872. o the Vendeans. However, victory finally decided for the royalists, upon the bri
873. retrieve their losses, and were finally put to Historians declare that by the s
874. oted friend. Lescure died a most saintly death, which is touchingly described by
875. most saintly death, which is touchingly described by his widow in her memoirs o
876. of the departed chief was buried quietly. The traces of the hair-shirt which he
877. eir leaders, had already reached the fly." top, when ranks raised the cry o
878. ders to the ramparts rushed tumultuously back; the wildest disorder pre vailed;
879. thither, administering indiscrimi nately to republican and royalist. The Vendean
880. dnight. The night was field was lit only by and musketry was more Noise and conf
881. the royalists was at its upon intensely dark; the torches, and the flash of art
882. ing upon the terrified peasants to rally. Deaf to every voice but that of fear,
883. that of fear, the royalists sought only^ for some means of escape. In their mad
884. n the courage therefrom. authoritatively. "Will you," spoke to them st
885. ot;Will you," spoke to them sternly and he cried, "be guilty of the in
886. Blues ? Return and fight; it is the only way of sav ing them. Will you abandon y
887. p another portion of the field with only eight hundred men. Hasten the ing to hi
888. Stofflet returned, Almost simultaneously two thousand followers. and the hard-fo
889. nglish supplies, but the peasants loudly declared that they would return to La V
890. ir leader, submitting, first reluctantly proceeded towards Angers. A noble act o
891. ons were to be had, and famine was daily and hourly enfeebling the remnants of t
892. be had, and famine was daily and hourly enfeebling the remnants of that once vi
893. r was in every heart and all too plainly lein general, written upon every face.
894. eded in taking, and there a small supply He made an effort to reach of provision
895. re he hoped to cross the Loire. terribly harassed upon the passage by the republ
896. the remnant of their army. Though fully aware of their slight chance of success
897. ance. He rallied his troops, especially the cavalry; and by prayers and entreat
898. e entreaty, or commanded them resolutely and sternly; but alike in vain: they su
899. or commanded them resolutely and sternly; but alike in vain: they suffered him t
900. to sell returned, and their lives dearly. But, alas! they only replied that a fe
901. their lives dearly. But, alas! they only replied that a few hours longer or shor
902. one by the distant view of their fondly loved last effort and drove the repub B
903. r gave themselves up to their foes. Only a mere handful succeeded in crossing th
904. u?" said Larochejaquelein haughtily. beg you to understand, Monsieur, that
905. out eight hundred royalists consequently left Charette and ranged themselves und
906. AMES THAT own LIVE. Hitherto his usually mindful of his interests. max im had be
907. ke and upon this maxim he had invariably acted. However, the country never had m
908. the head of a detachment and completely routed them. It was a de cisive victory
909. uarter!" The grenadiers reluctantly acquiesced, and were about to give up t
910. d one greater, more noble, more knightly than Henri de Larochejaquelein, the ido
911. ader of La Vendee. He was buried quietly, without pomp or ceremony, so that perc
912. the sunshine. They laid him down softly and closed his bright eyes, those eyes
913. those eyes which had flashed so proudly in the battle s fierce array; they smoo
914. of all obstacles, with an army miserably provisioned and undisciplined, had won
915. nce it was again removed. It was finally interred with the bones of his ancestor
916. republican, who, we are told, sincerely worthy to have lived in the mourned his
917. story of thy gallant deeds and untimely death; and many a young heart has caugh
918. nspira tion. But thou hast slept soundly in thine early grave, leav ing to fame
919. t thou hast slept soundly in thine early grave, leav ing to fame a pure, noble,
920. ortou, peasant old and lame, with deeply wrinkled face, A A Who was called the S
921. uf Jfa Stp$$ Souls of the slain in 7wly war, Look from your sainted rest ; Tell
922. ris tian warrior, inspired with a lively zeal for the cause of too often covered
923. ury, of a noble and distinguished family, who were seigneurs of a little town ab
924. ous house of Hainault. Of Si mon s early life not many details come down to us,
925. Montfort. With this attempt, which only succeeded in establishing a short-lived
926. wever, to come, and we shall now briefly glance at the train of events which mad
927. f heretics had arisen, who were not only hostile to the Church, but classic all
928. monasteries, churches, and profaned holy things. For political reasons, a powerf
929. having, as his predecessors had, loudly de his Legate, the Peter of Castelnau,
930. elnau, with various monks of the saintly Order of Citeaux, to exercise their apo
931. ; the first prayer heard. was Too surely was his persecution!" the 3d of Ja
932. raming laws for the government of Sicily decreed the most fearful punishments ag
933. chronicler describes as "an equally fear less soldier and skilful captain,
934. vent piety of a religious." Eagerly the proudest chivalry of France advance
935. band of Blanche of Castile, consequently the father of St. Louis. On this great
936. devoted multitude were fired with a holy zeal and ardent patriot Louis and Arnau
937. e rife among the townspeople. Melancholy spectacle! that Lavaus which fiad been
938. nshine of God s peace, sweet their daily lives as they followed the faith of eni
939. . They renounced all all "of family ties and forbade the sacred bond marria
940. arriage. Hence the gloom of their unholy doctrines shadowed as with a pall. outs
941. ains lights upon them; night came darkly, and the crusaders slept in the shadow
942. There was clashing of arms and knightly steel, the neighing of war-horses, the
943. to follow for France, and for their holy Church. God, The charge was made, arden
944. r teaching will go far to The con supply the motives of their severe treatment.
945. the partisans of error had been equally guilty of them." * We must, howeve
946. of the people of France had been sorely tried by the incessant misdemeanors of
947. s, and that Simon de Montfort personally had an inherent horror of vice, which m
948. ce, which made their excesses peculiarly abhorrent to him. His predominant chara
949. vere and inexorable, indeed, but equally so to himself. He was never known to de
950. ne, let us remember that we can scarcely put ourselves in the identical circumst
951. . He was endowed, too, with a remarkably clear perception, and was in the counci
952. T. ner, 261 winning by all his soldierly frankness of bearing the hearts of cler
953. had no other enemies than those of Holy who approached him.* Church, and though
954. er failing to hear Mass every remarkably religious, day and to receive Holy Comm
955. kably religious, day and to receive Holy Communion once a week. His zeal is said
956. is said by historians to have been truly apostolic; and of his faith the followi
957. ecrated Host, * was had appeared visibly in the hands of the priest. Full of gen
958. oubt it; as for myself, I believe firmly the truth of the Eucharistic Mystery as
959. time the fortunes of war turned steadily in favor of the crusaders, though Raymo
960. e save that of the gallant leader. Nobly he rallied his little garrison about hi
961. of Raymond, who was a " in Thy holy Can we wonder day receive * cause."
962. too leader, and brief career 263 finally de fender of the Cross. After a siege o
963. of nine months he found himself totally without resource, his army dis as coura
964. 18, he went according to custom to early Mass. Just as Mass was beginning the so
965. in fearful peril. enemy has made a sally, Our army is Come, my lord, without del
966. the day " said Montfort tranquilly, leave the church until I adore my God.
967. t; Nevertheless," I will not Calmly he knelt, amid the dim religious quiet
968. t years in defending. He prayed ardently, indeed, for the wavering Christian cau
969. or the last time upon earth. Immediately after the Elevation he rushed from the
970. aced himself at the head of his knightly phalanx. He fought with an ardor which
971. irs the illustrious leader fell mortally wounded amid a shower of arrows and He
972. gin, and so doing expired. stones. Truly his was a death worthy a crusader, for
973. ght before Cath olics, our task is fully done and the slight labor it has Simon
974. de Montfort belongs to cost us is amply repaid. of Christian heroes of all plac
975. of these authors that are unfortunately most ists. frequently brought before th
976. are unfortunately most ists. frequently brought before the eyes of the Catholic
977. lustrated. JOHN GILMARY SHEA, Very Fully 426 pages. SPECIMEN ILLUSTRATION. Mass
978. FRENCH, BY MISS ELLA McMAHON. Elegantly bound in Extra Cloth, with a Shamrock-c
979. g instruction and incident. Particularly we recommend this volume "A ; . .
980. rica for their Catholicity is eloquently by the reverend writer." Boston Pi
981. Ireland s The work in question admirably combines pathos, humor, and sons and da
982. ght but praise for our people, we hardly know how to thank him for his generous
983. k him for his generous honesty. heartily commend the book to our readers, assure
984. and patriotism." "A sprightly and interesting volume, replete with Ir
985. ll and the Irish nation seems especially to be the Mission ary people. An eloque
986. e devotion of the Irish race to the holy Catholic Church. It is replete with int
987. d be read in every Irish Catholic family." New York Sunday " told &quo
988. ongst whom he labored long and zealously. It is full of information well and sim
989. t is full of information well and simply told." Law rence, Mass., Catholic
990. th in this land. The work was originally written in French, by a missionary prie
991. in this country for San very faithfully. many years, and has been translated by
992. tholic in this "Were It is not only a deserved interesting book people, but

Author: Eric Lease Morgan <emorgan@nd.edu>
Date created: October 16, 2010
Date updated: August 23, 2016
URL: http://concordance.library.nd.edu/app/