Concordance for Everybody's St. Francis : by Maurice Francis Egan... with pictures by M. Boutet de Monvel.

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1.   ich we century. S ST. FRANCIS call Italy at the end of the twelfth It is possibl
2. perial than that of the emperor's. ITALY DURING THE LIFE OF ST. FRANCIS Italy โ€
3. ALY DURING THE LIFE OF ST. FRANCIS Italy โ€” if we may speak of the atoms strivi
4. ak of the atoms striving In those to fly apart as Italy โ€” was longing for free
5. striving In those to fly apart as Italy โ€” was longing for free- dom in a dim,
6. rs, had no time for They believed firmly in what they could see. If Our Lord and
7. t no poor man or woman would have really the better for it all. "Ah, thou little
8. eter Bernar"thou art done would probably have said make you poor; we, the rich o
9. he shrine of the It patron of his family as a propitiation. was an age of faith,
10. ible beliefs were welcomed. was probably because he was sure that nobody who did
11. nobody who did not see him occasionally would believe in him; and honest faith
12. to be. Men the devil appeared frequently, it [10] YOUTH OF were fiery restless,
13. tuous, and unreasonable, at a all easily wearied of themselves, breath to give u
14. ope that the good St. John or the kindly St. Magdalen would cheat the demon in t
15. als S ST. FRANCIS built, were not merely to honor a pure spirit in heaven, far-o
16. oyed, a great part of Germany and nearly all England changed as if by magic. To
17. en by persons who will see the past only through modern eyes. Without the accept
18. dle Ages temporala quarrel with the holy father about ities meant spiritual no s
19. o in with those new doctrines frequently arising and with in Italy in the time o
20. nes frequently arising and with in Italy in the time of St. Francis, which he ha
21. nt or political systems; he thought only of men. COMMERCE AND GREED Francis woul
22. OMMERCE AND GREED Francis would scarcely have entered into a world more un-Chris
23. €” homme of his could see. was intensely sense. It model He common son, probable
24. At this time there were bishops in Italy and else everywhere who They had been m
25. ed on the practice of celibacy as merely a feudal ordinance to save the priest f
26. FRANCIS but they poor were not entirely neglected; and their conditions were be
27. trines that grew and flourished in Italy at the time, that of Cathari was wide-s
28. ungry, and strong. Men were voluptuously in love with the temlife. poral things
29. the of the merchant. And the lived only for the wondrous son who, she firmly be
30. nly for the wondrous son who, she firmly believed, would one day be a great prin
31. er son, was so like her husband's family It has always been the fashion for biog
32. or biog- raphers of the saints to supply their heroes with noble ancestors; for
33. the pedigree of the great French family of Bourle- At any had a very noble and
34. ght, began the ing of the saint to Italy makto who was to give a new world and t
35. was fight the antichrist, then unhappily reigning, not with the sword and lance
36. ons so subtle that we of to-day can only wonder at and admire without understand
37. we many life, Francis Bernardone's early is never intemperate except in the use
38. g, was in the eyes of the world not only It gay, but good. was not from the poin
39. ung noble. Bernardone was inordi- nately proud of him. his son He his, could aff
40. โ€” โ€” by the nobles of Assisi not only as a com- panion, but as a leader. The
41. as benevolent and as joyous as the holy Simeon, appeared at his birth and predi
42. xcelled. THE LOVE OF PAGEANTRY The Italy, Provengal poets were all the fashion i
43. d led the effect was Bernardone secretly equivalent in the the Assisians. Peter
44. gnized that his son helped to set costly fashions; so Francis used all the silk
45. ot mention the German band, but possibly the ascetic Thomas thought of it when h
46. made was. the extravagance of the early of Francis appear a thing more evil tha
47. cis appear a thing more evil than really In July both the gay companions of Assi
48. ar a thing more evil than really In July both the gay companions of Assisi and t
49. wealth, fitted in his love more steadily is place Saint Francis at Assisi. membe
50. r company of Assisi became bankrupt only when it lost its leader, This came abou
51. f men, of whom you is it can expect only a transient kindgives back ness, not re
52. l of youths and are expressed laughingly? To the pure in Was this a jest, or hea
53. st were women in mine โ€” eyes, Who only as her shadows seemed to move.* He grew
54. equipage and bearing a shield gallantly. Assisi expected him to and he had been
55. ve, Bernardone fitted him out splendidly, โ€” โ€” no less brave in outward show.
56. or the But there a poor noble wretchedly dressed and shivering with cold. Off we
57. hat was of the his aim in life. "Earthly honor," Francis answered. "And which th
58. eam. Now, so his Francis was essentially a busy man; companions laughed at him,
59. rdone, seehow inadequate and how worldly the old it. chivalry had become, looked
60. is should be the Lady Poverty, the daily companion of Christ on earth and his fa
61. eticism in the Middle Ages did not imply that nature was evil or the legitimate
62. te pleasures of the world evil, but only that the non- ascetic might not become
63. the mass, that his Master might be duly honored, and that the poor might have f
64. Peter's โ€” to in those days, literally, all roads was not then the magnificent
65. the piazza, thus imitating unconsciously the great Augustus. He knew he must at
66. e met a rode. things, โ€” on frightfully distorted leper as he had been on solem
67. ture. Then he dismounted, and reverently and lovingly kissed the ulcers and the
68. dismounted, and reverently and lovingly kissed the ulcers and the decaying His
69. ind fault with mother did not The lovely views about Assisi, which he had passio
70. about Assisi, which he had passionately loved, no longer depressed him with mut
71. to did Francis took the message Uterally. He meaning. not see that it had even a
72. devoted to God, he was responsible only to Him. consuls were glad to turn the c
73. e called you my father; henceforth truly say, Our Father, 142] Who art in heaven
74. ll the while he sang and prayed tenderly and ardently, and was always joyful. Th
75. he sang and prayed tenderly and ardently, and was always joyful. The people [431
76. 1 of Assisi could not long look unkindly on him. None except EVERYBODYS his ST.
77. be honored because he poor would firmly convinced that the was contentalways be
78. come to every loving poverty. being only by honoring and saying; but the In his
79. and with a cross ; of mortar as the only ornament but for those who wished to im
80. to be free to unite themselves entirely with him, the best way of the Lady Pove
81. so led to salvation, good; to love truly and constantly an earthly maiden and wa
82. tion, good; to love truly and constantly an earthly maiden and was also good and
83. to love truly and constantly an earthly maiden and was also good and beautiful
84. rn world was in the making, men ardently desired peace. But peace could not be m
85. Born in 1194, to be Frederick of Sicily. twelve years after Francis, this princ
86. her, he had Sicilies, in- herited kingly rights in the Two and when his uncle, t
87. support of the bishops made them really vassals of his own. he came Educated no
88. s of his own. he came Educated nominally by to be regarded as a second ecclesias
89. his he acted, in like most other worldly time, a spirit of policy. The ecclesias
90. ges. Thus was not through faith entirely that the church became rich and tempora
91. at the church became rich and temporally powerful. [481 BEGINNING OF THE NEW LIF
92. ose Oriental knowledge and gorgeous only a simple Francis learned to hate; he wa
93. as his estates increased. The power Holy Roman Empire was frenobles, and quently
94. Roman Empire was frenobles, and quently threatened by the great centraUzation,
95. s of the Saxon house and were especially conians, by enriching the clergy, "buff
96. bserve, too," says Blondel, was not only abbots who became counts, but counts wh
97. , Pope Innocent that the who was equally determined Sicilies should not be despo
98. ined Sicilies should not be despotically made a dependence of the limiting absol
99. s attention toward the conquest of Italy. began his At the time when Francis rea
100. At the time when Francis real life Italy was a place [50] BEGINNING OF THE NEW L
101. will, monk but as was to live personally poor, if protected by all a part of a r
102. a rich organization knowing the panoply of war. Yet Francis, who wrote in his r
103. ollect or have money or coin except only because of the aforesaid necessity of t
104. g a purse, unless he should become truly penitent. The brothers who later follow
105. though not for more than was absolutely necessary to feed and cover them. Here
106. patient a man. curate of St. delicately Francis And there was the poor Damian's
107. NGS FOR PERFECT POVERTY Francis suddenly awakened to the fact that he was ceasin
108. to sever. That altered face, those holy weeds, I filled his wallet and kissed h
109. me back with the odds and ends generally given by people to beggars. The sight o
110. ght of them made him ill, but he bravely satisfied his hunger with them, in and
111. that did not concern itself immediately with the glory of God he detested. One
112. better to them, and one should make only the live. poems he could Besides, in hi
113. . soil The worm in the was a symbol lily of his of the humility of Christ, the p
114. nor of learned In speaking he used only the words of the gospel, but not as a p
115. thin and black. His face was delicately oval, eyes clear, his hair thick, his e
116. his though their color is indicated only as clear was well modeled. His voice wa
117. s of Celano, and he preached peace, only peace, through the way, narrow and yet
118. , of his Lord. There is no authentically recorded word or act of St. Francis of
119. On that morning he assisted, proba- bly alone with the priest, at the celebrati
120. ENS Up had been poor, but not so utterly poor as the apostles were recommended H
121. tick. Now he cast them away, and finally assumed the peasant's gown, with to thi
122. hew; there were words in it that equally tell part of the message Francis drank
123. apostles go forth," "When was the reply. last. for the rebuilding of churches o
124. ng up of souls He understood at Not only with the word of Christ. Assisi, His pr
125. โ€” "puer," the chronicle and adoringly fol- first to him, [611 EVERYBODYS ST.
126. in nature, the flower and the butterfly, should be touched only by delicate han
127. nd the butterfly, should be touched only by delicate hands," one fmds the story
128. E FIRST BROTHER Dependent great entirely on alms, Francis with invitation of his
129. it young man, of seemed to him that only the grace God could have worked this mi
130. him by the He heard him "snoring loudly, in fashion as though he slept right so
131. fashion as though he slept right soundly." asleep, Thinking Bernard to be really
132. ." asleep, Thinking Bernard to be really [63] Francis rose and said fervently in
133. lly [63] Francis rose and said fervently in a EVERYBODY low tone, S ST. FRANCIS
134. T. FRANCIS And so God! my God!" and only that. he remained until the morning, st
135. time. The second was the sign. made only when God gave At terce, the priest in t
136. s vouch- show forth his life in the holy gospel!" Bernard was not an enthusiast.
137. ; but when he acted, he acted thoroughly. He and Peter dei Catsafed to tani sold
138. nSylvester, joyed this process immensely. a priest from Then whom Francis had bo
139. rancis that he had not paid sufficiently. THE MINSTRELS OF THE GOOD GOD Francis
140. is prayed for his conversion so ardently that it. he returned There was much gos
141. is prayed for his conversion so ardently that he returned n โ€ข>.? DOO) ilace di
142. iles Peter, who called themselves simply three poor was a men of Assisi doing pe
143. s-road. Whither should he turn? The only course in His his extremity was to ask
144. cted to be of His court, hast infinitely more reason to be glad." They ate toget
145. to be glad." They ate together joyously. [691 Giles was well EVERYBODY dressed,
146. thy fine cloak to our poor Giles gladly obeyed, and his cheerfulness in obeying
147. s honest soldier. His reception probably took place of Brother Giles's in April,
148. is conver- sion has been found, probably, devout or no Franciscan writes, becaus
149. no Franciscan writes, because the purely historical features of a saint's life w
150. hine before men. Francis sang cheerfully in the Provencal tongue, which he had l
151. ardent, direct, simple, aiming directly at the heart, and hitting the core of t
152. his believe is what Brother good." Only, advice when them as wild men from the
153. life was marvelous. This was especially so in the province [71] EVERYBODY of th
154. s of age. this Three others were shortly after added to number, Sabbatino, Moric
155. too small them. They acquired, probably through Bro- ther Morico, the privilege
156. acquaintances of Francis said constantly [72] BEGINNING OF THE NEW LIFE up their
157. e the crucifix keep the lamp perpetually lit when he despised in the church of S
158. ay by such vagaries"; structures quently, the winter in the squalid at Rivo Tort
159. rent wages for their work; they The only what was absolutely necessary. outcries
160. work; they The only what was absolutely necessary. outcries verted ditions the
161. onomic of ears of and begged voluntarily reached the name. the Bishop of Assisi,
162. our neighbors. we shall never willingly possess the things of the earth." THE W
163. nough to attempt to be absolute in Italy, the various governments had become mos
164. ho might, by using some of their worldly goods, cease to be beggars. But, as Jor
165. of an absoAll brothers must work, lutely Christlike life. that was but following
166. , and their worked at whatever honorably came to hands on their way. [76] ^ '^ r
167. Sabina, Once at a member of the princely house of Colonna. The bishop may have t
168. vice, and that one day he and his poorly clad flock It is said that Francis made
169. reatened, and a new crusade was ardently desired in order to curb their power, w
170. to curb their power, which was not only physical, but insidiously intellectual.
171. h was not only physical, but insidiously intellectual. The favor Pope Alex- ande
172. poverty had been turned against the holy see. Innocent had reason to dread the s
173. NNING OF THE NEW LIFE He had them humbly. driven out, and they went That night t
174. hat he knew that Francis was a veritably perfect man, resolved to follow to coun
175. s. And Francis, light, spoke to the holy father in a parable in which, according
176. g who had married a beautiful, but lowly and poor, wife. This king nourished the
177. l have grace and in numbers, me joyously for greater favors." Francis thanked th
178. reater favors." Francis thanked the holy father most humbly, and went away singi
179. ncis thanked the holy father most humbly, and went away singing the praises of G
180. ach granted to these laymen covered only moral questions. They were not sufficie
181. al questions. They were not sufficiently learned in theology to be permitted to
182. e valley of Spoleto. They were exaltedly happy. all They them- sang, they talked
183. rvation by a man who, appearing suddenly, gave them bread and went away at the o
184. near them. A wooden cross was their only oratory. They had no books, but Francis
185. IFE Torto until one day a peasant rudely drove an ass into the hut where they we
186. was now free priest to preach; formerly a bishop or a parish might object to an
187. or a basket of fish, to be sent annually to its owners. On the altar was a pictu
188. him commanded for, it โ€” โ€” perfectly to do. His example in the for way It of
189. because Christ lived in them, but gently, sweetly, as light falls. In the beginn
190. hrist lived in them, but gently, sweetly, as light falls. In the beginning there
191. s imprudent, unwise, life. and unworldly way of Common sense was against it; but
192. r, often in his salads, were, their only portion. The gray of the olive-tree, th
193. ask with Brother John, who was probably not the Judas some of the shocked breth
194. ed brethren believed him to be, but only a practical person who wished to have h
195. to bless his "impossibilities" cordially, and all of a sudden the whole world wa
196. ay one tells us that the brethren really loved another. They though they were pr
197. not at of the all. time would be wholly exalted Francis said to the man who was
198. oor: Go!" With Francis, "Go, Brother Fly! "Brother Fly" was a term of reproach.
199. Francis, "Go, Brother Fly! "Brother Fly" was a term of reproach. Fired by his p
200. m. One day when brother was particularly unhappy, thinking that the dislike of F
201. hen: ever you desire to talk of heavenly things, [98] .ยปยซ the simple-hearted p
202. s i:ie side oi iDe of angels It the only way it. cannot be in the least the evil
203. e children and of the angels is the only way of largely because he understanding
204. of the angels is the only way of largely because he understanding it. It cannot
205. oken to of Christ, his and he acted only according to nature; for wolves must ea
206. m the sign of the cross, and said gently "I command thee, Brother Wolf, on the p
207. Francis. He had been addressed properly, happened โ€” a thing which had never b
208. own without His permission, and not only eating animals, but men created in the
209. had not eaten people [1031 mali- ciously or for amusement, but because he was EV
210. to the amazement of the citizens, meekly followed Francis to hear sin him preach
211. g near him and are listening attentively, more terrible than the teeth of an ani
212. teeth of an animal that can destroy only the body. "Go, then, dear brethren, to
213. died of old age, Gubbio grieved heartily because "While he went about the place
214. se "While he went about the place gently," he recalled "vividly the virtue and h
215. the place gently," he recalled "vividly the virtue and holiness of St. Francis.
216. d the beasts. Even Brother lambs and Fly, though Francis evidently did not look
217. lambs and Fly, though Francis evidently did not look upon him as of the elect,
218. e unto me these birds, which are in holy writ compared to chaste and humble soul
219. e grace of God, of gave the cage sweetly doves to Francis. And then Francis look
220. st most gragood youth became one ciously." And so in time the of the blessed ord
221. u, wherein you may increase and multiply, according to the comSee, I snatch mand
222. found them so desirable that their only safety was to from an attraction to whi
223. om an attraction to which they were only too susceptible. Modern ideas of purity
224. of purity are not the ideas of the early fathers or of the Middle Ages. The Song
225. he Old Testament to be handled furtively. The man who sacrificed the earthly lov
226. vely. The man who sacrificed the earthly love, in the highest sense the prelude
227. proach, who enter at once into that holy place where heart and soul meet in an a
228. tmosphere from which all that is earthly has disappeared. is In the psychology o
229. ING OF SANTA CLARA though he had saintly potentiahties, was not strong enough to
230. e prudent did not condemn, and similarly there was little condemnation for a mai
231. o follow him in the way of poverty, only her male relatives were indignant, and
232. ghbors. "For who can go against the Holy Spirit?" they asked. Clara was eighteen
233. ANCIS as they called the order. Probably Francis saw her in church, as Dante saw
234. and marked her for his own. She probably visited the Portiuncula with her aunt o
235. is had done, and to follow him literally, becoming as absolutely poor as she cou
236. ow him literally, becoming as absolutely poor as she could. She was the daughter
237. father, Favorino, was one of the family. family of Scefi, Sasso Rosso โ€” at an
238. Favorino, was one of the family. family of Scefi, Sasso Rosso โ€” at and seigni
239. lay on the word "Ortolana." noble family of Her mother was of the Fiumi. Born in
240. of ments, as was the custom. beautifully adorned, new spring garHer companions,
241. ign came. sign? down to where she humbly stood, and gave her the branches with h
242. use. through the usual opening, for only those who never returned went through t
243. , he knew, be ungrateful. Clara ardently desired to be one sacrifice, as with Ch
244. eted its Francis meaning. Since the holy church approved gospel. of Francis, she
245. es of her existence, by becoming utterly dependent on the will of God. Her secre
246. hapel of St. would crucify herself daily Damian's, that gray same, little buildi
247. ut off. Henceforth she was vowed to holy poverty and to the service of the poor
248. NCIS was this fool Francis, late a silly youth, to stand between Clara and a goo
249. riage that would benefit both the family of Scefi and the Fiumi? The kinsmen of
250. e infringed. In the Middle Ages the only freedom the freedom of the convent. for
251. second flight the Scefi were exceedingly wroth. Damian's and tore sister's They
252. labor. as is little community lived only by Clara embroidered exquisitely, still
253. ed only by Clara embroidered exquisitely, still evident from the beautiful alb p
254. ay," he "we absolve thee from it." "Holy father," she answered, "absolve me said
255. .. >,. _, he "we absolve thee from "Holy father/' she answered, "absolve me said
256. thorizing her communities to be entirely poor. HER CHARACTER AND WORK As her of
257. peace, they demanded love. One has only to read European history of that period
258. istians feared to in sacrifice. was only one This was to do what do to have no r
259. d age, the weak world was belief rapidly failing, the eyes of steps growing blin
260. ommunity of of the difficulties of daily life, men many which might have disturb
261. their lot without The good nuns probably managed this. Francis, humbly fearing t
262. s probably managed this. Francis, humbly fearing the adoration seemed almost one
263. d her meet me after death and be greatly comforted." But both knew much anxiety
264. ies, common โ€” โ€” following implicitly in the way of Francis. [126 IV ST. FRAN
265. n the earlier days when Francis had only begun to long for this union in love an
266. IS For there began to appear immediately in his hands and in his feet the appear
267. ejaculadisciples of The tions were only following the If way of Francis. there
268. e Wesleyans is between the and the early parallel Franciscans, there an equally
269. y parallel Franciscans, there an equally curious of between the ideas in his thi
270. rs. of The mysticism Genoa and the early Quakers are not so far apart as they se
271. time a truce of peace to exist in Italy. Francis would have the [129] EVERYBODY
272. EVERYBODYS ST. FRANCIS men. live solely in the practical blessing of love exten
273. of the devil if they left He their daily duties to become as he was. of the devi
274. the child or for apostles there earthly sacrifice. love. must not be wife or Th
275. f, "thou art unworthy; thou art fit only to be beaten." a And on one occasion, w
276. e him, he ran into mass he of a of newly fallen snow in the garden, and the snow
277. ust bear the yoke of the Lord cheerfully. Uncheerful sacrifice he would not tole
278. e for Joy and Peace. the world? in Italy โ€” of this The world First, the world
279. rhood, and the poor suffered accordingly. He looked on this as a legitimate occu
280. There were thousands Lucchesio in Italy business all men like who took they cou
281. s said to Lucchesio that there were only two things in the world, God and a man'
282. " Read the gospels," he said, "but only that you act them," may and the counsel
283. ngs for the glory of God, V to seek only things heavenly, to pray untir[136] ST.
284. y of God, V to seek only things heavenly, to pray untir[136] ST. FRANCIS AND THE
285. th attention, to praise canticles. ingly, to read often God continually is by hy
286. es. ingly, to read often God continually is by hymns and To and contemplate said
287. he has practised in the first faithfully and devoutly active behooveth that the
288. sed in the first faithfully and devoutly active behooveth that the active life b
289. the Franciscan philosophy, he was goodly active who built bridges and churches a
290. ked him in Spain, where he had zealously gone, as he went to many other places,
291. lood the nutrition of the soul. actively Then peace He, Francis, must must come
292. love. be, like Christ, free from family ties and the burden of property, and hi
293. love and peace, spreading through Italy, live in gave feudalism a violent blow.
294. sionchesio had been of the world worldly. Francis, too, by his insistence that t
295. ight be sanctified by divine love, ately, fl401 ST. FRANCIS AND THE PEOPLE kill
296. it was no longer necessary to be grandly heroic. great in the eyes of Christ, on
297. good of others. One cannot be outwardly poor in the courts of kings, but one ma
298. d the homeless. We are no better, surely, than He who had no in poverty, Leave u
299. o in poverty, Leave us but help not only with gold, but place to lay His head. w
300. t of love and of freedom vitalized Italy, or, rather, from the heart of love ros
301. any Honokilling the brethren were highly taxed unless they would bear arms in lo
302. and the third order increased, gradually the worst tyrannies of feudalism. In th
303. he battles of hatred "We will not merely that a castles. man do joy- may ful pos
304. uate love and peace." To give cheerfully and to receive cheerfully not to give a
305. ive cheerfully and to receive cheerfully not to give alms as a condescension, an
306. ere happened to robbers who occasionally committed murder. and these men could n
307. rancis was the murderous thieves. eously angry. sick, right- He reminded [146] A
308. treated loved sinners so in their gently. Christ himself had much that he had of
309. ne, and kneel to them, confessing humbly your fault in treating them harshly." T
310. mbly your fault in treating them harshly." Then Angelo realized โ€” that they, t
311. ttle ones of Christ, lacking as yet only good-will. sore, Foot- weary, perhaps,
312. o Brother Angelo, "Let us go to the holy Francis," and they went, wondering that
313. s works. "Two were re- warded with early and happy deaths," the pious chronicler
314. thee." Upon thanked this, Francis humbly he and God. Masseo that to find the mea
315. satisfied. Brother Juniper was specially dear to FranHe was all charity and simp
316. lity, and went into Viterbo wearing only his breeches. and the cord were too the
317. d God had done something more innocently outrageous than usual. At Greccio, Fran
318. ival, fringe of gold adorned with richly silver bells. wrought These were the pr
319. here were other ornaments almost equally worthy of the occasion; tan's heart, bu
320. iper, who happened in the chapel, gladly consented. No sooner had the trustful s
321. ous bells off with his knife. had hardly begun to eat when experience recalled s
322. hes of the sacristan. "They were worldly no use; they were merely for display, a
323. ey were worldly no use; they were merely for display, and the poor city for woma
324. e with the precious but in vain. angrily exposed the case to the father guardian
325. ted, and he wanted it hot. It was nearly midnight when he reached the guardian's
326. Father," said Juniper, affection- ately, offering the dish of porridge, "I noti
327. ce." "At such an hour!" cried the justly enraged guardian. idiot!" "You rufTian,
328. "Dear Father," responded Juniper, calmly, "we must not waste the porridge. Since
329. t this good porridge, which was formerly hot, do me the kindness to hold the can
330. [1571 humor, too, for EVERYBODYS greatly pleased Francis. ST. FRANCIS This story
331. se them of God, as a child expects daily bread of its father. What God of other
332. What he wanted he asked for; personally, All his had not his Lord said to him "
333. r biographers tell us that, going boldly among the infidels, he almost converted
334. oblige men to strew grain be abundantly fed by the wealthy." FRANCIS THE FIRST
335. out follow." the crib under the brightly lighted Christmas tree are fulfilling t
336. people of Greccio and Assisi, especially the children, and all the country aroun
337. o the symbol of the Lord. heart of Italy was touched, and the simple peasants fo
338. If all sacred character for them. Italy did not become tender with the dumb, dr
339. wood, which he loved even more intensely than Newman loved his room at the Oxfor
340. S excellence for crusaders. In the early days could the church insisted that sin
341. them for easier means of making earthly satisfaction for spiritual It was a for
342. sited the chapel at Porti- uncula, truly repenting of his sins and having f 162
343. , "It might lessen the Rome and the Holy But Francis seemed to have charmed this
344. ics; they would be allowed to be utterly poor, utterly independent of the pomp o
345. d be allowed to be utterly poor, utterly independent of the pomp of this world,
346. Roland de Cattani gave to him the lonely Monte della Verna, in Tuscany, he had r
347. the dislike of Francis for the carefully prepared written and memorized. Francis
348. te discourse illustrious and exquisitely critical assembly waited. What would wo
349. trious and exquisitely critical assembly waited. What would would he say this it
350. uld despise this noble one, It is really deserved their homage! that Hugolino pr
351. an ardent appeal that the whole assembly wept with him and burned with the love
352. is first and last attempt at a carefully artificial address, prepared sermon. Fr
353. t technical philosophy he write the holy if in theology friars His and might nam
354. s friends. He would not tread ruthlessly on a little plant, because it might bea
355. ttle plant, because it might bear a lily, emblem of the purity of Christ; or on
356. ht: bright with marble, roof beautifully painted with colors and gold, you would
357. ures. Bewith gold sides, books were only for the rich, and he and his were poor.
358. ionable troubadours, imported into Italy with French velvets and French wines; a
359. rule of and that the soul that wilfully resisted Christ's teachings was outside
360. r, "try to be glad; for it is not seemly that a servant of Christ should show a
361. , and other corporal works, must creetly fortify his body, so that Brother Body
362. HER spoke is of a poor man is sneeringly. to be rich." "He poor, but his one des
363. house there will is nothing that we only the can give her that be of any use to
364. Francis, "that she for I believe firmly that this will may sell it; be more ple
365. ealed rebel make the Franciscans worldly, would against the rule and die out of
366. noticed that Francis treated him coldly, and he asked the reason. and Elias wep
367. yed with all Emperor Frederick of Sicily had persuaded this most learned Elias t
368. ing of the trees. Above the for the holy world, but still in it, Francis sat wit
369. his beloved birds, but he could scarcely see them. Blindness was creeping upon h
370. ping upon him. Now its he could see only the sun in his heart. Even near the ear
371. sun in his heart. Even near the earthly light sky, here on Monte and it Alverni
372. rifying, this creature of In this lonely place he lived in a little hut by himse
373. having taken upon himself all the daily duties. There he suffered the agony of
374. tred of poverty, and the love of worldly prudence, were casting Lady Poverty fro
375. rist feast of the exaltation of the holy cross nearer. On *'a the morning of thi
376. the "And as the seraph flew very swiftly toward Francis," writes St. Bonaventure
377. nic. The servant of God, seeing the holy signs thus deeply impressed on his fles
378. f God, seeing the holy signs thus deeply impressed on his flesh so that he could
379. grace and by name, knowing that the holy man had seen some marvelous vision whic
380. amazed him, answered: "Brother, not only for thine own sake, but for the sake of
381. committed to thy At these words the holy man was so greatly care." moved that th
382. these words the holy man was so greatly care." moved that though he was accusto
383. by that sacred seraph who so marvelously appeared to him on the cross, and which
384. orks, the Lord Himself, who had secretly impressed these Francis, descended from
385. gel Michael, this angelic tokens, openly manifested many miracles by their power
386. rtues of these stigmata might be clearly known by many signs. Back to the Portiu
387. of the King, which he had confided only to a few of his brethren. The poor were
388. sters could help him in his need as only ministering and loving women can. More
389. s brethren should at least he be utterly poor, and that they should reach the [
390. Lord, with all Thy creaturesl Especially for Messer Sun, our brother. Who gives
391. ! Blessed are those who do Thy most holy will! To them the second death can brin
392. iseases of the eye. He moved very slowly. He tried might to be joyful at the tho
393. ssary; Lady Poverty was served with only half a heart. And yet he would not inte
394. o punish them as though I were a worldly authority," Recognizing that his kingdo
395. as already a saint in the heart of Italy, and more than seven cities had already
396. eo and Angelo and the rest sang joyfully despite this. He was die soon, to not f
397. his. He was die soon, to not for earthly palaces. his physician said; He must an
398. nt Masseo; the mystical Brother knightly, Giles; the strong Brother John; the ir
399. it and to help him stand. "Blessed holy city, because by be thou of God, thee s
400. ks, "it pleased the Lord that these holy birds should his death. show him some s
401. flew about Francis threw but very softly." tunic that he might die poor and nake
402. sight of the failing body, clothed only in the cincture of penitents, drew floo
403. ould be read to โ€” man, as sang: softly as the birds above the roof, "I cried t
404. ss โ€” the coFranciscans, โ€” could only she, time she โ€” without that her And
405. d shown a view of higher things to Italy and the world. Men looked up with the l

Author: Eric Lease Morgan <>
Date created: October 16, 2010
Date updated: August 23, 2016